There is not a single organ in the human body that is not destroyed by alcohol. But the most dramatic changes, and in the very first place, occur in the human brain. It is there that this poison tends to accumulate. After taking a mug of beer, a glass of wine, 100 grams of vodka, the alcohol contained in them is absorbed into the bloodstream, goes to the brain with the bloodstream, and the process of intensive destruction of the cerebral cortex begins in a person. The destruction mechanism is very simple.
In 1961, three American physicists Nicely, Maskawi and Pennington examined the human eye through a long-focus microscope they had made. They focused through the pupil on the smallest vessels of the retina, gave illumination from the side, and for the first time in the history of science physicists were able to look inside a human vessel and see how blood flows through the vessel. What did the physicists see?
They saw the walls of the vessel, saw leukocytes (white blood cells) and erythrocytes (red blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, and carbon dioxide in the opposite direction) 8 Blood flowed through the vessels, everything was filmed. One day physicists put another client in front of a microscope, looked into his eye and gasped. In a person, blood clots were walking through the vessel: clots, gluing of erythrocytes. Moreover, in these glues they numbered 5, 10, 40, 400, up to 1000 pieces of erythrocytes. They figuratively called them grapes.
Physicists were frightened, but the person sits and seems to be nothing. The second third is normal, and the fourth has blood clots again. We began to find out and found out: these two had been drinking the day before. Physicists immediately performed a barbaric experiment. A sober man, whose vessels were all right, was given a mug of beer to drink. After 15 minutes, alcoholic gluing of erythrocytes appeared in the blood of the former sober person. Physicists decided that they had made the greatest scientific discovery - they directly proved that alcohol coagulates blood (is a blood clotting agent) in human vessels, and not only in a test tube, as was known from experience. This experience, which was previously shown at school in grade 9 in biology lessons, is as follows. Water is poured into a test tube and a few drops of blood are dropped into it. Against the background of the lamp, the water turns bright orange. Immediately a few drops of vodka are dropped into this test tube and right before our eyes the blood coagulates into flakes.
So, as it turned out, not only in the test tube, but also in the vessels, alcohol coagulates the blood. Just in case, physicists turned to the medical encyclopedia and were amazed to find that medicine has been diagnosing alcohol for 300 years as a narcotic neurotropic and protoplasmic 9 poison, that is, a poison that affects both the nervous system and all human organs; poison that destroys their structure at the cellular and molecular levels. As you know, alcohol is a good solvent. As a solvent, it is widely used in industry in the manufacture of varnishes, polishes, in a number of chemical industries for the synthesis of paints, synthetic rubber and others. It dissolves everything: grease, dirt, and paint ... Therefore, alcohol is used in technology to degrease the surface.
But after getting into the blood, alcohol behaves like a solvent there too! What happens when alcohol (always containing alcohol) passes through the stomach and intestines into the bloodstream? What happens to the brain from vodka? In the normal state, the outer surface of erythrocytes is covered, as it were, with a thin layer of lubricant, which is electrified when rubbed against the walls of blood vessels. Each of the erythrocytes carries a unipolar negative charge, and therefore they have the initial property of repelling each other. Liquid containing alcohol removes this protective layer and relieves electrical stress.
As a result, red blood cells, instead of repelling, begin to stick together. In this case, red blood cells acquire a new property: they begin to stick together, forming larger balls. The process takes place in the mode of snowballs, the size of which grows with the amount of drink. The diameter of the capillaries in certain parts of the body (brain, retina) is sometimes so small that erythrocytes literally "squeeze" through them one by one, often pushing the walls of the capillaries apart.
The smallest diameter of a capillary is 50 times thinner than a human hair, equal to 8 microns (0, 008 mm), the smallest diameter of an erythrocyte is 7 microns (0, 007 mm). Therefore, it is clear that a formation containing several red blood cells is not able to move through the capillaries. Moving along the branching arteries, and then along the arterioles of ever smaller caliber, it eventually reaches the arteriole, which has a diameter smaller than the diameter of the clot, and blocks it, completely stopping the blood flow in it, therefore, the blood supply to individual groups of neurons in the brain stops.
The clots have an irregular shape and contain an average of 200-500 erythrocytes, their average size is 60 microns. There are individual clots containing thousands of red blood cells. Of course, blood clots of this size overlap arterioles of not the smallest caliber. Due to the fact that oxygen stops flowing to the cells of the brain, hypoxia begins, that is, oxygen starvation (oxygen deficiency). It is hypoxia that is perceived by a person as a supposedly harmless state of intoxication.
And this leads to "numbness", and then the death of parts of the brain. All this is subjectively perceived by alcohol drinkers as "freedom" from the outside world, similar to the euphoria of someone released from prison after a long "release". In reality, just a part of the brain is artificially disconnected from the perception of often "unpleasant" information from the outside. It is hypoxia that imitates freedom, the feeling of which arises in the psyche of drinking people under the influence of alcohol. It is for this feeling of freedom that everyone who drinks is drawn. But the feeling of freedom is not freedom, but the most dangerous illusion of the drinker.
Having decided to “free” himself in this way from others and from problems, the drunk continues to be surrounded by people and circumstances, ceasing to be aware of his actions and thoughts. Note that "sleep" resulting from severe intoxication is not sleep in the usual physiological sense. This is precisely the loss of consciousness due to neurochemical disorders caused by alcoholic hypoxia of the brain - an alcoholic coma.
In other words, during oxygen starvation, the waking organism cannot breathe and, in order to facilitate breathing (so that the person does not die), a protective reaction of the body occurs - "sleep" in order to reduce the metabolic rate in it. For large vessels (in the hand, in the leg), gluing of erythrocytes at the initial stages of alcohol intake does not pose a particular danger. Unless people who have been drinking alcohol for many years have a characteristic complexion and nose. A person has a lot of small vessels in the nose that branch out. When an alcoholic gluing of erythrocytes approaches the site of the branching of the vessel, it clogs it, the vessel swells (aneurysm 10), dies off and the nose subsequently acquires a blue-violet color because the vessel no longer works.
In the head of all, the situation is exactly the same. The human brain is made up of 15 billion nerve cells (neurons). Each nerve cell (neuron, denoted by a triangle with a dot) ultimately feeds its own microcapillary with blood. This microcapillary is so thin that for the normal nutrition of this neuron, erythrocytes can only squeeze in one row. But when an alcoholic gluing of erythrocytes comes to the base of the microcapillary, it clogs it, it takes 7 - 9 minutes and the next brain cell of a human neuron irrevocably and forever dies.
Clogging of the microcapillary by gluing erythrocytes After each so-called "moderate" drink, a new cemetery of dead nerve cells of neurons appears in a person's head. And when doctors - pathologists open the skull of any so-called moderately drinking person, then they all see the same picture - a shriveled brain, a smaller brain in volume and the entire surface of the cerebral cortex in microscars, microfractures, and structural breakdowns. These are all areas of the brain destroyed by alcohol. The insidiousness of alcohol is further enhanced by the fact that the body of a young person has a significant, approximately 10-fold supply of capillaries. That is, at each moment, only about 10% of all capillaries are functioning.
Therefore, alcoholic disorders of the circulatory system and their consequences are not as pronounced in youth as in later years. However, over time, the "supply" of capillaries is gradually depleted, and the consequences of alcohol poisoning become more and more tangible. With the current level of alcohol consumption, the "average" man in this respect "suddenly" faces a variety of ailments at the age of about 30 years. Most often - these are diseases of the stomach, liver, cardiovascular system. Neuroses, disorders in the genital area. However, diseases can be the most unexpected: after all, the effect of alcohol is universal, it affects all organs and systems of the human body.
Some scientists believe that after 100 grams of vodka, at least 8 thousand actively working cells, mainly germ cells and brain cells, die off forever. Irreversible death of neurons as a result of thrombosis and micro-strokes in the cerebral cortex leads to the loss of some information and to impaired short-term memory (FIRSTLY, BRAIN CELLS, which are responsible for memory, are lost, so those who have gone over the next morning do not remember anything).
At the same time, the processes of processing current information become more difficult, which lead to the consolidation of its most significant part in the neural structures that provide long-term memory. When doctors open up alcoholics who died from alcohol poisoning, they are surprised not at how the brain is destroyed, but at how a person could continue to live with such a brain at all. Thus, alcohol is, as it were, invisible, but a very powerful weapon aimed at depriving a person of his mind. And if a whole nation is drinking, as our nation was driven into this abyss of drunkenness, then this means depriving the mind of the whole nation and turning people from reasonable, creative, thinking, forward-looking people into just a two-legged working herd.