In our world, nothing is forever: after birth and the heyday, the sunset should be inevitably. This rule is valid for the state. For a thousand years of historical era, hundreds of states were created and collapsed. We find out which of them existed on Earth longer, have not yet been broken by any other reasons. Perhaps some of them did not hit the world with their greatness and glitter, but were strong in their centuries-old history.
Portuguese Colonial Empire
560 years (1415 -1975)
The prerequisites for the creation of the Portuguese Colonial Empire appeared simultaneously with the beginning of great geographical discoveries. By 1415, Portuguese navigators, of course, have not yet reached the shores of America, but already actively investigated the African continent, starting the short sea route to India. The open lands of the Portuguese declared their property, removing forts and fortresses everywhere.
Portuguese colonial empire has strengthened in West Africa, Eastern and South Asia, India and American continent. The Portuguese Empire has become the first state in history that united the territory under its flag on four continents. Thanks to the trade in spices and jewelry, the Portuguese treasury was leaving the gold and silver, which allowed the state to exist so long.
Napoleonic wars, internal contradictions and external enemies still pushed power power, and by the beginning of the 20th century, there were no trace of the Portuguese Colonial Empire from the former magnitude. Officially, the empire ceased to exist in 1975, when democracy was established in the metropolis.
624 (1299 N.E. -1923 AD)
The state founded by the Turkic tribes in 1299 has reached its heyday in the 17th century. The huge multinational Ottoman Empire extended from the borders of Austria to the Caspian Sea, owning territories and in Europe, and in Africa, and in Asia. Wars with the Russian Empire, loss in the First World War, internal contradictions and permanent Christian uprisings poured the forces of the Ottoman Empire. In 1923, the monarchy was abolished, and the Turkish Republic was created in her place.
629 years (802 N.E. -1431 AD)
Not every person heard about the existence of the Khmer Empire, which is one of the most oldest state entities in history. The Khmer Empire was formed as a result of the unification of the Khmer tribes living in the 8th century AD. On indocidant territory. During its highest power, the Empire of Khmer included the territory of Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam and Laos. But her rulers did not calculate the gigantic costs for the construction of temples and palaces, which gradually devastated the treasury. The weakened state in the first half of the 15th century finally finished the beginning of the invasion of Thai tribes.
676 years (700 AN. -1376 AD)
Despite the fact that individually African tribes are not dangerous, uniting, they can create a strong and militant state. This is how the Empire may have been formed, located for almost 700 years in the territory of modern Libya, Nigeria and Chad.
The reason for the fall of a strong empire served in the inner civilian after the death of the last emperor who did not have heirs. Taking advantage of this, various tribes, located on the borders, invaded the empire from different sides, accelerating its fall. The remaining in the living indigenous people was forced to leave the city and return to the nomadic lifestyle.
Sacred Roman Empire
844 years (962 AD - 1806 AD)
The Sacred Roman Empire is not the most Roman Empire, whose iron legions captured almost all the world's famous antique Europe. The Sacred Roman Empire was not even in Italy, but in the territory of modern Germany, Austria, Holland, the Czech Republic and part of Italy. The land association occurred in 962, and the new empire was called upon to become a continuation of the Western Roman Empire. European order and discipline allowed this state to exist eight and a half centuries, while a complex system of government, degraded, weakened the central government, which led to the decline and collapse of the Sacred Roman Empire.
992 years (57 BC - 935 AD)
At the end of the first century BC. On the Korean Peninsula for the place under the sun, the three kingdoms were desperately fought, one of which was Silla - managed to defeat his enemies, joined their lands to him and founded a mighty dynasty that existed for almost a thousand years, which disappeared into the fires of civil war.
994 years (980 AN. -1974 AD)
Often, we think that before the arrival of European colonialists, Africa was a completely wild terrain inhabited by primitive tribes. But on the African continent there was a place of the empire, which existed for almost a thousand years! Founded in the 802 year, united by Ethiopian tribes, the empire did not "reach" 6 years before his millennium, having broken down as a result of the state coup.
1100 years (697 AD - 1797 AD)
The bright republic Venice with the capital Venice was founded in 697 due to the forced association of communities against the troops of Langobards - the German tribes who were in the upper reaches of Italy during the great resettlement of peoples. An extremely successful geographical location at the intersection of most trade routes immediately made the republic with one of the richest and influential states of Europe. However, the opening of America and the sea route to India became the beginning of the end for this state. The volume of goods entering Europe through Venice has decreased - merchants began to prefer more convenient and safe seaside pathways. Finally, the Venice republic ceased to exist in 1797, when Venice without resistance was taken by Napoleon's troops Bonaparte.
1118 years (752 AD - 1870 AD)
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the influence of Christianity in Europe was increasingly intensified: the influential people took Christianity, the churches were given whole lands, donations were made. The near the day was the same day when the Catholic Church would receive political power in Europe: this happened in 752, when the Frankish king Pipin short gave the dad to the larger area in the center of the Apnepsian Peninsula. Since then, the power of the Dad varied depending on the place of religion in the European society: from absolute power in the Middle Ages, to the gradual loss of influence closer to 18-19 centies. In 1870, the Land of the Papal Region passed under the control of Italy, and only the Vatican was left by the Catholic Church - the state city in Rome.
about 1200 years (9th century BC - 350 AD)
The king Kush has always been in the shadow of another state - Egypt, which at all times attracted the attention of historians and chroniclers. Located in the northern part of modern Sudan, the Cush state was a serious danger to his neighbors, and during his heyday controlled almost the entire territory of Egypt. We do not know detailed history kingdom, but in the chronicles it was noted that in 350 Kush was conquered by the Aksum kingdom.
1480 years (27 BC - 1453 AD)
Rome - eternal place on seven hills! At least, the inhabitants of the Western Roman Empire thought so: it seemed that the eternal city would never fall before the Natius of enemies. But times have changed: after the civil war and the foundation of the empire, 500 years have passed, and Rome was conquered by invaded German tribes, marking the fall of the western part of the empire. However, the Eastern Roman Empire, which is often referred to as Byzantium, continued to exist until 1453, while Constantinople does not fell under the head of the Turks.