Interesting facts about bullfinches

For some reason, it is generally accepted that bullfinches appear in Central Russia only in winter, and fly away in summer. Moreover, it is not known where these birds fly away for the summer. In fact, bullfinches, as a rule, do not fly away from their usual habitats. Simply, with the onset of warmth, they move to forests, where there is more food. And during cold weather they try to stay closer to human habitation. But bullfinches living in northern latitudes move to warmer regions in winter.

Surprisingly, bullfinches belong to songbirds. They can also imitate the song of other birds. Sometimes this bird is called the Russian parrot. Bullfinches kept in captivity could be taught to repeat different sounds. By the way, such birds could be sold at a profit, therefore, training bullfinches for many bird lovers was also a good business. Even representatives of the aristocracy willingly bought the singing bullfinches. At the same time, in captivity, birds lose their bright color and become inconspicuous.

The appearance of a bullfinch next to a person's dwelling symbolizes the beginning of winter. It is not surprising that bullfinches, more often than any other bird, are depicted on New Year's cards.

There is an interesting legend about why bullfinches have a bright red belly. Once the bullfinches decided to fly to the sun to treat him with delicious berries. But, they could not fly to the sun, as its rays scorched the bullfinches. Since then, the birds have such a beautiful color.

Matriarchy reigns in a flock of bullfinches: females are much larger and stronger than males. Therefore, males have to obey. However, bullfinches are peaceful birds and very rarely arrange fights with each other.

The basis of the bullfinch's nutrition is buds and seeds. Eating on berries, bullfinches peck seeds out of them, practically not using the pulp. But, the bullfinch cannot be considered a pure vegetarian: he, in addition to plant food, also hunts for some arachnids.

Ash seeds, one of the most beloved treats for bullfinches, bear fruit only once every two years. Therefore, from time to time you have to arrange a "unloading year".

Scientists find it difficult to name the lifespan of this bird in the wild. But, with home keeping, birds live for 15-17 years. It is likely that "free" birds live no less: bullfinches are unpretentious and easily adapt even to difficult conditions.

The female bullfinch lays up to 7 eggs in the nest. At the time when she incubates them, the male is engaged in the production of food. Bullfinch families create, as a rule, for life.

The chicks of bullfinches mature early - already at the age of one month they become completely independent. Chicks acquire bright plumage after the first molt.

Bullfinches are diurnal. As soon as dusk falls, the birds go to a secluded place for the night. Therefore, in December, when the days are short, bullfinches are inactive.

2008, on the initiative of the Russian Bird Conservation Union, was declared the Year of the Bullfinch in our country.