Interesting facts about moths

Moles is a collective name for relatively small insects from the order Lepidoptera (butterflies, Lepidoptera). The division of the order of Lepidoptera into diurnal butterflies, moths and moths is quite common, but it is not scientifically substantiated.

In the world fauna, according to various estimates, there are from two to three thousand species of moths.

The Asian moth Attacus atlas from Southeast Asia is considered the largest moth in the world, with a wingspan of up to 30 centimeters. It is larger than some birds. The king walnut moth, one of the largest moths in North America, has an average wingspan of 11 centimeters.

There is a stereotype that moths eat clothes, but this is not entirely true. In fact, the diet of different types of moths is extensive. Many moths are agricultural pests or damage to property. The most famous domestic pests are fur moth, clothes moth, furniture moth, grain moth. Among agricultural pests, barley moths, as well as rye, cabbage and apple moths, can be distinguished.

There is a moth monument in Australia. The monument was erected due to the fact that in the 1920s the South American cactus spread catastrophically here, and the only one who was able to cope with it was the imported Argentine cactus moth.

People are trying in every possible way to protect their home from moths, using aromatic substances, and most often they use naphthalene. But he does not hit the insect, but simply cause discomfort.

Some moths replenish fluid loss by sucking out tears from sleeping animals. So, the Madagascar moth Hemiceratoides hieroglyphica drinks tears from birds at night, and the moth Mecistoptera griseifusa even from crocodiles and other large animals.

Clothes and foodstuffs are eaten only by moth larvae. Many adult butterflies are unable to feed or gnaw anything - not only the mouth apparatus, but also the digestive organs are not developed in them. The task of adult butterflies is to reproduce.

The domesticated moth has long been used by humans to produce silk - this is the silkworm.

Male silkworms have complex, feather-shaped antennas with odor receptors that allow them to pick up female sex hormones from 11 kilometers away!

Bats are natural enemies of moths, so moths have evolved to perceive ultrasonic signals. At the same time, males of many species of moths themselves produce similar signals by rubbing the scales against each other to facilitate mating. Hearing such a sound and wishing to remain unnoticed by the bat, the female moth sits motionless, which is what the male uses.

It is interesting that the house moth is widespread almost all over the planet, but this species cannot settle in the tropical zone.

How is a mole different from a moth? - nothing. This is the same.

Studies have shown that moths can fly up to 800 meters without stopping. Pregnant females fly poorly. Almost all moths flying in human dwellings are males, since females travel by running, jumping over or trying to hide in folds of clothing.

Why do moths fly into the light? Very simple - they think it's the moon. And when it flies up to the light source, it tries to correct the flight, keeping the lighting on one side, that is, flying around in a circle.