Interesting facts about ticks

Ticks (Latin Acari, Acarina) are a superclass of arthropods from the class of arachnids (Arachnida). The largest group in the class: over 48 thousand species are currently described.

Representatives of the Argasidae superfamily have the phenomenon of omovampirism, when a hungry individual attacks a well-fed "brother" and feeds on the blood he has drunk.

Ticks cause diseases of humans and domestic animals - acariasis, as well as transmit vector-borne diseases through bites, damage cultivated plants.

The smallest mite has a body size of only 0.08 mm. This smallest representative of the tick-borne genus takes pride of place in the Guinness Book of Records.

The female of ixodid ticks eats a hundred times more than the male, and the difference in size in a well-fed and hungry female is very significant. The satiated female ixod is almost 150 times larger than the hungry one.

Females lay 1000–3000 eggs at the base of plant stems. After 4–10 weeks, the hatched larvae, outwardly resembling an adult, climb to the top of the bush and remain there, waiting for a suitable host.

Having acquired a host, the larva sucks blood for 3-5 days if the host is small (lizards, birds, mice), then leaves it, hides on the ground under the forest floor, and after molting turns into a nymph. Nymphs look for their hosts in the same way as larvae, and after 4–8 days of parasitizing on them, they move to the ground and, after molting, turn into adult ticks.