Why do children pull their ears on their birthday?

Earlier tugging for the ears was often accompanied by various sentences like "... grow big and don't be noodles", and they pulled (pulled) by the ears of mostly boys, explaining that it was they who needed to grow tall. One way or another, but this custom was very famous, perhaps even all over the world.

What is now perceived as children's fun in terms of content, in ancient times was a very important and crucial moment in the legal practice of buying and selling movable and immovable property.

The transaction usually took place on the market square and the parties, having reached an agreement on the price, took their hands on the subject of sale and purchase (for example, a horse, a cow, etc.) and loudly publicly said (shouted) in turn: “I sold such and such for such and such a sum of his horse "and" I bought such and such a horse from such and such for such and such an amount, "after the third repetition, the former owner let go of the horse (removed his hand) and from that moment the owner of the horse changed, which was further considered the owner already by virtue of the very possession of the horse without any additional securities.

In Roman law, this custom is called mancipation from the word “manu” - hand (by the way, this is where the manuscript, manual, manual and the term emancipation, which is historically mostly associated with the “liberation of women”, is legislated for the procedure for obtaining full legal capacity by minors in certain cases ).

Unlike movable property with its relatively short service life (up to 7-10 years), land plots were a much more important and "long-playing" object, which, moreover, cannot be sold according to market rules, and in addition, direct ownership of land is possible only for adjacent plots ...

And nevertheless, the land was sold all according to the same market rules. To do this, 12 witnesses were selected, who walked around the perimeter of the land plot together with the seller and the buyer three times, and the latter, as in the market, repeated "I sold ..." and "I bought ...", pointing with their hand at the same piece of land. Of the 12 witnesses who were then, if necessary, to confirm the fact and content of the transaction, 6 were adult men, and 6 were boys aged 7-12 years, counting on the distant future, so to speak "for growth."

It was these very boys who were spanked by adult uncles - they tugged at their ears, pinched, lashed with twigs and in every possible way brought them to tears with words similar to the following: "When you grow up, remember where and why you were beaten, so that you remember who sold the land to whom." How else to actualize such a boring event in children?