On February 12, 1984, an elderly woman, Anna Anderson, died in the American city of Charlottesville. According to the will of the deceased, her body was cremated, the ashes were buried in Bavaria in the chapel of the Zeon castle. The inscription on the grave reads “Anastasia Romanova. Anna Anderson ". Why are there two names on the monument, and what relation does Anna Anderson have to the daughter of the last Russian emperor?
In 1920, in Berlin, a police officer rescued a young woman who, in an attempt to commit suicide, threw herself into the Landwehr Canal. She was taken to the police station, there were no documents with her, she did not answer questions. The doctors recommended that the unknown be sent to a psychiatric clinic, where the woman spent a year and a half.
The patient did not tell anything about herself, therefore, in the documents she was recorded as "Fraulein Unbekant", that is, "unknown." In October 1921, the newspaper "Berliner Illustrirte" happened to be in the hospital ward, where a photograph of the daughters of Nicholas II was placed. A roommate noticed that Anastasia Romanova was strikingly similar to "Fraulein Unbekant." But, she suddenly raised her finger to her lips and said: "Be quiet!".
In 1922, the woman left the hospital and openly began calling herself the daughter of Nicholas II. It's hard to say - what made her reveal the secret? Did you realize that hiding further is useless or simply decided to use the resemblance to Anastasia for your own purposes?
Even in the clinic, Baroness Maria von Kleist began to visit her, who convinced the doctors that she could take care of the patient herself. Soon "Anastasia" settled in her house. It was in the von Kleist family that the woman began to be called Anna. She said that she came to Berlin in order to find here the sister of her mother, Empress Alexandra. But, the relatives did not accept her, moreover, they were condemned for the fact that the young woman had a little illegitimate son. She left the child in Romania, and she herself decided to commit suicide.
How did Anastasia manage to escape during the execution? According to the woman, she hid behind her older sister Tatyana. She lost consciousness, and woke up in the house of some soldier who managed to save the king's daughter. Together with the wife of this soldier, she left for Romania, where her partner died.
Soon, a mass pilgrimage of Russian emigrants began to the house of Maria von Kleist, who wanted to personally see Anastasia who had miraculously escaped. Some recognized her as the daughter of the emperor, others declared that they were just a mentally ill woman. At this time, the mother of Nicholas II, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna, lived in Denmark. Upon learning that one of her granddaughters was able to escape, Maria Feodorovna sent to Germany the valet Volkov, who had faithfully served the royal family for many years.
Returning from Berlin, Volkov could not report anything comforting: Anastasia did not recognize him, all the information about the royal family that she owned, anyone could get from the press. At the same time, Anastasia's entourage assured Volkov that she simply felt bad and was very worried.
Since 1938, Anastasia Romanova, she is Anna Anderson, tried to judicially recognize her right to be the heir to the Russian throne. She even published a book "I am Anastasia". At the same time, the book looked more like a sentimental story than a documentary source. In 1961, the Hamburg court ruled that Anna Anderson had nothing to do with Anastasia Romanova. Anna left for the United States, where in 1968 she married Professor John Manahan. She spent the last years of her life in Virginia.
So who was this mysterious woman really? Currently, the version that "Anastasia" is a Polish woman, Franziska Szankowska, who worked in Berlin at a plant for the production of explosives, has become widespread. Here she received a serious injury that led to a mental breakdown.