The terracotta statues were buried together with the first emperor of the Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, in 210–209. BC e. According to ancient beliefs, they were supposed to protect the emperor after death. The statues were discovered in March 1974 by local peasants while drilling an artesian well east of Lishan Mountain.
So far, about 2, 000 clay warriors and 20 chariots have been excavated, but it is estimated that there are more than 8, 000 statues in the underground tomb. The researchers found that the horses were made right next to the necropolis, probably to facilitate their transportation (the weight of the horse sculpture is about 200 kilograms), the statues of the warriors are lighter, their weight is about 135 kilograms, and the place of their manufacture is still unknown. Interestingly, all the sculptures of the soldiers are different from each other. Computer diagnostics showed that even the faces of the warriors are different.