The first coins of the USSR, more precisely, then still Soviet Russia, were issued in 1921. Their denominations were as follows - 10, 15, 20, 50 kopecks and 1 ruble. Ruble and 50-kopeck coins were stamped from 900 silver, the rest from 500.
Silver coins for circulation were issued only until 1927. It was costly for the country's budget, therefore, they decided to save on material for making coins.
The dream of any numismatist is the coins of the USSR with the date "1947". In that year, a monetary reform was carried out in the country, Coins were issued in millions of copies, but it is almost impossible to find them. What's the matter? According to the memoirs of the Minister of Finance A.G. Zverev, the number of Union republics has changed, therefore, there was a confusion with the number of turns on the coat of arms. Each revolution meant one republic. The entire circulation was sent for melting, but some coins, presumably, got into circulation.
Coins of 1958 are also very rare. They are found more often than coins of 1947, but the price is tens of thousands of rubles for each copy.
In 1961, the ruble was denominated 10 times. It was in this ratio that old banknotes and coins were exchanged for new ones. At the same time, small coins in denominations of 1, 2 and 3 kopecks were not subject to exchange and retained their value. Some enterprising citizens of the USSR, who in time exchanged their savings for change, were able to increase their fortune 10 times. In 1992 Georgy Shengelia made the film "Money Changers" about such businessmen of the Soviet era.
After this reform, a legend appeared that the penny coin of the 1961 sample was made of pure gold. Even in our time, many are sure of the enormous value of this "rarity". In fact, 1 kopeck of 1961 is no different from the others - it is made of a copper-zinc alloy and has a mass of exactly 1 g.
The only gold coin that came into circulation in the era of the USSR is a gold piece of the 1923 model, popularly called the "Sower": it depicts a peasant sower. The weight and fineness of the chervonets fully corresponded to the 10-ruble coin of the times of Nicholas II. Thus, the Soviet government emphasized the stability of the monetary system of the new state.
The figure of the sower on this coin was copied from the sculpture of Ivan Shadr. And he, as a model, found one of his fellow countrymen in the Ural village of Prygovoy.
Nowadays, it is difficult to find penny coins in circulation. Their production costs much more than the nominal value. And in the Soviet Union, a penny was not the smallest coin. In 1925, 1927 and 1928. coins in half a kopeck were also issued. In size they corresponded to the coins of the tsarist era, but on the obverse there was an inscription: "Workers of all countries, unite!"
Small coins of the Soviet Union could be successfully used as weights for scales. A coin with a denomination of 1 kopeck weighed exactly 1 gram, 2 kopecks - 2 grams, 3 kopecks - 3 grams and 5 kopecks - 5 grams. Therefore, if the buyer paid with a handful of coppers, the sellers did not bother to count, but simply threw the coins on the scales.