Interesting facts about the Order of "Victory"

On October 25, 1943, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin got acquainted with the sketch of the Order of Victory, its author was the artist A.I. Kuznetsov, according to whose project the Order of the Patriotic War was previously made. After minor amendments, on November 5, Stalin approved Kuznetsov's drawing.

The award was officially established on November 8, 1943. The Victory Order became the highest military award of the Soviet Union. It was awarded to senior officers of the Red Army and the Allied armies for the successful conduct of military operations, during which the situation changed in favor of the Red Army.

The order had a complex structure and consisted of many components. The base of the star and the rays were made of platinum, the central medallion was made of silver, the overlay image of the Spasskaya Tower, the Mausoleum and laurel branches was made of gold. The order was also adorned with diamonds and rubies.

The order for the production of the award was received by the Moscow Jewelry and Watch Factory. 30 copies were made here.

On April 10, 1944, a decree was issued on awarding the Order of Marshals of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov and A.M. Vasilevsky.

During the Great Patriotic War 19 awards took place. IV Stalin, GK Zhukov and AM Vasilevsky were twice awarded the Order of Victory. Marshals I. S. Konev, K. K. Rokossovsky, F. I. Tolbukhin, L. A, Govorov, R. Ya. Malinovsky, S. K. Timoshenko and General of the Army A. I. Antonov each received one award. For the war with Japan, the Order of "Victory" was received by Marshal KA, Meretskov.

The highest military award of the Soviet Union was awarded to 5 foreign commanders: Joseph Broz Tito - Supreme Commander of the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, General of the US Army Dwight David Eisenhower, British Field Marshal Montgomery - Commander of the Allied Forces in Western Europe, Marshal of the Role-Zimerinsky Army King of Romania Mihai I (at the end of the war, Romania sided with the allies).

On February 20, 1978, Leonid Brezhnev was awarded the Order of Victory. The award for him was made in accordance with the statute, only the font with a nut on the back was replaced with a pin. On September 21, 1989, the Decree on awarding Brezhnev was canceled by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. But back in 1983, Brezhnev's wife, Victoria Petrovna, handed over all her husband's awards to the state. They were sent to storage in the Order's storeroom.

The Order of Field Marshal Montgomery was also redesigned for pin fastening, since all awards in England have only such fastening.