In 1696, a tax on windows was introduced in England. The tax was not levied on every window - the owners of houses that had from 10 to 14 windows had to pay one amount, from 15 to 19 windows - another, etc. The window tax was originally introduced to supplement the royal treasury of William III.
From 1747 to 1808, the tax was raised six times. It was quite easy to assemble, as all the windows were visible from the street. The use of the tax on windows led to the fact that buildings in English cities began to be built with fewer or even no windows. The tax had a bad effect on glass production as well. In 1851, glass production in England remained at the same level as 50 years ago - despite the large increase in the country's population.
British doctors of that time complained that, because of the unfortunate tax in the country, they began to build apartment buildings without windows. Darkness and dampness reigned in such apartments - it was from there that all sorts of epidemics spread.
Finally, in 1851, the window tax was abolished - replaced by the house tax. Some experts argue that the term "daylight theft" came from this tax, but the first record that daylight was stolen from someone dates back to 1949, and this is centuries after the window tax, and therefore seems completely incredible.
A similar tax, introduced by Napoleon, existed in France from 1798 to 1926 and was called the door and window tax.