Lightning is a throwing weapon of the peoples of Africa, which is a variety of options for an iron multi-blade knife or a blade of bizarre outlines. Used in war and hunting. It also played the role of a symbol of power, a magic item and an equivalent of money. In the latter case, these could be, for example, small bronze objects of corresponding shapes. Different peoples had their own names for it (pinga, kpinga, kippinga, kuchil, hunga-munga, danisco, goleyo, kulbeda, njiga, mambele, trombash). It could be used in close combat, but more often it was used en masse to "shell" the opposing enemy group. She tossed about horizontally. The large surface area of many species provided the rotating weapon with long-range gliding flight (like a non-returning boomerang). The most effective way to resist it was dodging and jumping, since hitting the shield, lightning could strike, catching on the edge of the shield, the owner of the shield itself, or, jumping back, hit a nearby warrior.
Lightning is believed to have originated in Sudan around AD 1000. e. Although there are similar images in Libya, dating back to 1350 BC. e.
There are many collections of lightning in the West. But such collections suffer from a lack of accurate scientific documentation of the origin of the exhibits. Until recently, little was known about this weapon in Russia. Although still a Russian traveler of the XIX century, V. V. Juncker, in his rather famous book "A Journey through Africa", sketches of several similar objects. There are also several copies in the exposition of the St. Petersburg Kunstkamera. The absence of the corresponding term in the Russian language gave Dmitry Samoilov a reason to propose the name "lightning" in his article, which is a translation of the term adopted by a number of tribes. Although the word "pinga" is also somewhat established, as it was given in the encyclopedic reference "Africa". Weaponists use the term "throwing iron" or Gooi Yster.
Distant analogs of lightning can be considered European herbats, Japanese meerikens and Indian chakras.