According to the US Constitution, a person who was born in the territory of this state, who has reached the age of 35 and has lived in the States for at least 14 years, can become president. For many years, the struggle for the presidency has been waged between representatives of two parties - the Republican and the Democratic.
But, partisanship is not at all a prerequisite for a presidential candidate; a non-partisan can also nominate himself. True, his chances of winning will be extremely slim. By the way, the first American president, George Washington, who received 100% of the vote, was non-partisan. But, this is rather an exception to the rule. It is almost impossible to compete with Democrats and Republicans in our time.
The President of the United States is elected on the first Tuesday of November; this tradition was established a very long time ago, back in 1845. Why is it Tuesday, and, for example, not Sunday? The fact is that in the middle of the nineteenth century, a significant part of the US population was made up of farmers. On Sunday they always attended church, therefore, polling stations could simply be ignored. And it was also necessary to get to the sites themselves. Some did not have time in one day. So we decided that Tuesday would be the best option.
And the month of November was chosen for a reason. The main agricultural work at this time was already completed, and winter, when snow fell in some States, which made it difficult to travel on the roads, had not yet come. Farmers now make up a not so high percentage of the total US population, but the tribute to tradition continues almost two centuries later.
The system for electing the US president may seem rather complicated to Europeans; there is no direct vote. First, in the States, delegates are elected - electors, who decide who will get the presidential seat. The number of electors from each State is different, depending on the population. And the total number of electors is 538. A candidate who receives at least 270 votes becomes the President of the United States.
Since the number of electors is even, it can happen that candidates get the same number of votes. Not often, but this happened - in 1800 and 1824. In this case, the House of Representatives will decide the winner of the presidential race. A member of this House must be at least 25 years old, have American citizenship and live in the State, which he represents, for at least seven recent years. But for two centuries the House of Representatives did not have to decide the fate of the elections.
Why did the United States adopt such a complex procedure for voting for candidates for the presidency? In the opinion of Americans, the election of the president by simple counting of the majority of votes can lead to the fact that the states with a large population can impose their will on everyone else.
Is it possible to become the president of the United States without elections? It is possible, it was in 1901. On September 6, an attempt was made on the life of the current President, William McKinley, who died a few days later from his injury. His place was taken by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. And in 1904, he again nominated himself for the presidency, this time he won by voting.
Famous bodybuilder and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced his desire to become the president of the United States. But, this was simply impossible according to the American Constitution, "Iron Arnold" was born in Austria in 1947, and received American citizenship only at the age of 36. The peak of his political career was the post of Governor of California in 2003-2011.
Some American States have been supporting representatives of this or that party for many years. For example, the Democratic Party has significant dominance in New York, California, and Washington, while Republicans are more popular in Texas, Louisiana, and Georgia. In general, Democrats tend to have support in the North of the United States and in the coastal States, while their Republican rivals in the center and south of the country.
On November 7, 2020, Democratic Party member Joe Biden was elected the new president of the United States. Which has already become the record holder among all the presidents of this country. On November 20, Biden will turn 78; at such a mature age, none of the candidates of past years could win the US elections. And the oldest of the former US presidents is Jimmy Carter, who held this post from 1977 to 1981. Carter turned 96 on October 1, 2020.
On January 23, 1933, the United States ratified the 20th amendment to the Constitution, which stated that the presidential term of office begins on January 20 of the year following the elections. On this day, the inauguration ceremony takes place, the winning candidate officially takes office. Until 1933, the inauguration of the president took place on March 4.