The Metro is the real pride of our capital. More recently, on May 15, 2015, 80 years have passed since the opening of the first line from Sokolniki station to Park Kultury. The construction of the metro in Moscow is always associated with the era of J.V. Stalin. Meanwhile, the first Moscow underground road could have appeared in the 19th century.
In 1872, engineer Vasily Titov proposed a project for the construction of a subway line in Moscow. According to Titov's plan, the subway was to run from the Kursk railway station to Lubyanskaya square. It cannot be said that the bold idea of the engineer delighted Muscovites. Only shortly before that, a horse tram appeared in the city, and the underground road seemed fantastic.
The City Duma was calculating the cost of this project, the cabbies were afraid to be left without a livelihood, because it was their services that most Muscovites used. But the representatives of the clergy protested most actively. Is it right for a person to move underground? The opinion of the clergy was: “Is it possible to allow this sinful dream? Will not a man, created in the image and likeness of God, humiliate himself by descending into the underworld? "
As a result, despite the fact that soil studies had already been carried out, they decided to abandon the idea of building a metro in Moscow, recognizing it as economically inexpedient. Moreover, there were no electric railways yet, and the underground tunnel looked more like a gas chamber.
However, the Moscow authorities did not completely abandon the idea of building a metro. At the beginning of the 20th century, more than a million people lived in the city, and neither cabs nor trams could cope with the passenger traffic. Engineers Balinsky and Knorre again proposed to return to the construction of the subway. True, only part of the line was supposed to pass underground, while the main section was supposed to be laid on overpasses above the city.
The project was rejected again: it would have changed the face of old Moscow too much. In this case, several ancient churches fell under the demolition, and it was planned to build a rail track on ten-meter pillars over Red Square.
The decision to build the Moscow metro was finally made only in 1913. Next to the old Bird Market, a depot building for the terminal station was erected; now there is a tram park. Construction was stopped due to the First World War, and then the revolution.
It so happened that Moscow received the metro only in Soviet times. Construction began in 1931, and the opening - only in 1935.