It is interesting that the word "parasitism" is formed by the fusion of the outdated adverb "tune" meaning "gift" with the verb "yasti" that is, "eat", "eat". Another definition of a parasite is the word "parasite", which has the same components but in a modern sound.
In pre-revolutionary times, parasitism was condemned by society as a vice, but did not belong to a criminal offense. At the root, the attitude towards parasites changed under the USSR. In the Soviet Union, parasitism was already understood as a parasitic existence at the expense of not individual citizens, but at the expense of the entire society.
On May 4, 1961, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR adopted a decree "On strengthening the fight against persons (idlers, parasites, parasites) who evade socially useful labor and lead an antisocial parasitic lifestyle." person. And persons accused of parasitism were assigned the abbreviation - BORZ (without a specific occupation).
Article 209 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR established responsibility for three different forms of parasitic existence, which form independent corpus delicti - engaging in vagrancy, begging, leading a different parasitic lifestyle. Under the concept of another parasitic way of life, conducted for a long time, were those cases when a person avoids socially useful work and lives on unearned income for more than four months in a row or for a total of a year, and in this regard he was given an official warning about the inadmissibility of such lifestyle.
An interesting fact, in 1954 the famous, but objectionable to the Soviet regime, the poet Joseph Brodsky was accused of parasitism, at the same time forbidding him to publish his work. Due to the fact that the case received worldwide publicity, it all ended with the expulsion of Joseph Brodsky abroad, and not in prison bunks.
In 1982, Andropov came to power and took up the fight against parasitism closely. During working hours, police raids began in shops, cinemas, schools and other public places. They checked people's documents and found out the reason why the person was absent from the workplace.
The fight against parasitism was carried out until the adoption in April 1991 of the Law on Employment of the Population, which abolished criminal liability for parasitism and recognized unemployment. In the future, the term “parasitism” is not used in the legislation of the post-Soviet states.
The draft order on taxes on parasitism in 2013 was prepared by the Belarusian authorities. It is assumed that the annual amount of payments on it may amount to 2.6 million Belarusian rubles (about $ 280) from each parasite.