The International Red Cross was created in 1863, after the publication of a book by the Swiss businessman Jean-Henri Dunant, about the Battle of Solferino, where people died of wounds due to the lack of assistance. I wonder that Dunant's ideas led to the formation of the International Committee for Assistance to the Wounded. At a conference in Geneva in 1864, the first international humanitarian law was adopted: the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded. The International Committee for Assistance to the Wounded later became the International Committee of the Red Cross. Today it is an independent humanitarian organization that serves as a neutral mediator in armed conflicts or unrest and provides protection and assistance to victims. Here are some interesting facts about the red cross that you may not have known about:
- The Red Cross helps over 70, 000 victims of emergencies and natural disasters every year.
- Interestingly, 19, 000 times a day, someone receives emergency assistance from the Red Cross.
- There are currently 186 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.
- The Red Cross has 97 million volunteers. About 50 percent of the movement's volunteers are women.
- Red Cross received the Nobel Peace Prize three times: in 1917, 1944, and 1963, as well as the Henri Dunant Award (1901),
- Interesting fact, in 1986 the name was changed to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent.
- World Red Cross Day is celebrated every year on May 8, Interesting fact is the birthday of its founder, Jean-Henri Dunant.