Winged words that came from ancient Greece

The Trojan horse is a vile gift of the Achaeans who besieged Troy. The Trojans, unaware of trickery, brought him into the city. At night, the Achaeans got out of the horse and let the rest of the army into Troy. The expression "Trojan horse" has become a household name.

Many expressions that are often used today have their roots in ancient Greece. This means that they are more than one thousand years old. Here are just some catch phrases that have come down to the 21st century.

Achilles' heel. Achilles, aka Achilles, one of the bravest warriors of Ancient Greece, whose feats were sung by many poets of that time. But the heel of this hero was the most vulnerable spot. The fact is that the sea goddess Thetis, the mother of Achilles, decided to make her son immortal by immersing the child in the waters of the sacred river Styx. But, while holding him by the heel. During the Trojan War, Paris hit him with an arrow in the heel.

Apple of discord. And the Trojan War began precisely because of the apple. All the gods were invited to the wedding of Peleus, the son of the Aeginian ruler Aeacus, and the sea nymph Thetis, except for Eris, the goddess of strife and strife. The offended Eris took revenge in a peculiar way, appeared in the midst of a feast with a golden apple, on which the inscription "Most Beautiful" was adorned. Because of this apple, a dispute began between the Hero, Aphrodite and Pallas Athena, each of whom considered herself the most beautiful. The young man Paris was instructed to resolve the dispute, who handed the apple to Aphrodite, who promised him to marry Helen - the wife of the Spartan king Menelaus, the first beauty of all mortal women. Aphrodite kept her promise, helped Paris kidnap Elena. The indignant husband declared war.

Sisyphean labor. To do this kind of work is to do unnecessary and meaningless work. King Sisyphus led an idle lifestyle, constantly deceiving the gods. As a punishment, he was doomed to hard work: to roll up a huge boulder on a mountain peak, which, just before the finish line, invariably fell down and everything had to start all over again.

Sword of Damocles. Damocles, one of the close associates of the Syracuse ruler Dionysius the Elder, envied his master, considering him the happiest of all mortals. Then Dionysius decided to cede the throne to him for one day. Damocles was dressed in royal outfits, seated on the throne and fulfilled any whim of the temporary worker. Damocles accidentally looked up and saw with horror that a naked sword was hanging above him, and, moreover, it was held by a single horse hair. The cunning Dionysius showed the envious person that the ruler is always in the balance of death.

Pandora's Box. In this unfortunate box, according to Greek mythology, all human troubles and misfortunes were collected. Pandora, the first earthly woman, received it as a gift from Zeus, with instructions to never open it. Alas, female curiosity turned out to be stronger - the box was, of course, open, and all the disasters scattered around the world.

Ariadne's thread. A young man named Theseus, the son of Aegeus, the ruler of Athens, arrived on the island of Crete to fight the Minotaur, a monster, to which young boys and girls were sent as tributes. The Minotaur lived in the Labyrinth, a palace with a huge number of passages. It was impossible to get out of there, but Theseus were saved by Ariadne, the daughter of the king of the island of Crete. The girl handed him a ball of thread, which he unwound as he made his way through the Labyrinth. After defeating the Minotaur, Theseus managed to find a way out of the trap by a thread.

Sink into oblivion. The Greeks were sure that, after death, the soul of a person goes to the underworld along the Leta River. The one who left the earthly world had to take a sip of water from this river in order to forget about the past life. Therefore, the expression "sink into oblivion" means to disappear without a trace, to be forgotten.