You know that mockery or desecration of something deeply revered, for example, a religious shrine, is called blasphemy. For example, in 2012, members of the scandalous punk group Pussy Riot blasphemed in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow, the girls staged dances right in front of the iconostasis. And in ancient times, a resident of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus (now the territory of Turkey) named Herostratus, burned one of the wonders of the world - the famous temple of Artemis in his hometown in the summer of 356 BC. e.
And what to call a blasphemous person: blasphemer, blasphemer, blasphemer? And by the way, what exactly is this word blasphemy and where did it come from?
At the end of the 19th century, the Code on Punishments unequivocally defined blasphemy - "sarcastic ridicule, proving a clear disrespect for the rules or rituals of the Orthodox Church, or Christianity in general." At the same time, blasphemy was possible not only verbal, but also material, for example, "if someone instead of a wax candle puts a greasy one." At the same time, disrespectful behavior towards the faith itself and its teachings was not considered blasphemy - we read in Brockhaus and Efron - it fell under the definition of "blasphemy" (blasphemy). Nowadays, blasphemy is understood as an insult to religious shrines or the feelings of believers.
According to some reports, a person who has bones was called a blasphemer in Russia. The verb kostit in Russian has survived to this day, and it means all the same: "to scold for a long time and persistently, to shower with abuse, to pester with abuse."
According to another version, the Blasphemer is a storyteller or sorcerer. The one who tells the ancient times or refers to the ancestors. Koshchun is Ko-Shchuram, and Shchur is the ancestor. By the way, the word Ancestor, that is, ancestor, is still used today. The blasphemers were performed during the commemoration of the deceased, that is, some mythological legends were sung. "For the sake of vanity, the Monosii cry (for the deceased), but when they leave, they are koschyunyayut and get drunk."
The word blasphemy also influenced the meaning of the word "koshchei", which earlier in the Old Russian language meant a prisoner, having a Turkic origin: from kosci - "slave", that is, a stranger. It is quite possible that the collective image of a stranger, a sorcerer-blasphemer, over time, under the influence of the church, turned into a negative fairy-tale character endowed with magical power and immortality.
In the modern language, the word blasphemer is no longer used, and dictionaries recommend calling those who blaspheme a blasphemer or, if it is a woman, a blasphemer.