Every spring, motorists drive out their brainchildren from garages for trips to the dacha, to the forest and for fishing with the whole family. Many representatives of the auto industry look more like a "bucket of bolts", but are still on the move thanks to the efforts of skillful male hands. As soon as old cars are not called neighbors and other spiteful critics - tarantasses, sobs, carts and carriages. All these words mean one thing - an extremely old car, which is high time to write off for scrap. Now, listening to such expressions for the owner of a four-wheeled friend is certainly offensive, but about a century ago, the meanings of these words were completely different ...
A tarantass is a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage on a long road (longitudinal frame), which reduces road shaking on long journeys. It was widespread in Russia in the first half of the 19th century. Designed, as a rule, for three or four passengers.
The rattletrap is a heavy closed four-wheeled carriage. Carriages were made on high axes, sometimes with stairs, sometimes without steps at all.
The chaise is a light vehicle for transporting passengers. Often the carts were two-wheeled. One or a couple of horses were harnessed to the chaise. The coachman could sit on the box or next to the passenger.
Rydvan is a large carriage for long journeys, harnessed to several horses. On the roads the count's sobs were constantly in use, in winter - tobogganing, in summer - on wheels.