Interesting facts about lead

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  1. Lead has been used by mankind for more than one millennium, as this metal is quite widespread and easily processed. Pieces of molten lead discovered by archaeologists date back to the seventh millennium BC.
  2. Lead, due to its toxicity, is very dangerous to the human body. Since the Middle Ages, lead has been used for the production of paints. Unsurprisingly, the life of workers in such factories was short-lived. On December 16, 1924, the RSFSR issued a decree from the Commissariat of Labor prohibiting the opening of such enterprises.
  3. But since the 18th century, there have been many such factories in Russia. For example, in 1780 the city of Kashin was granted a coat of arms with the image of three mortars for grinding lead white. There was a large manufactory here, which employed a significant number of the local population.
  4. In many countries, lead has been used as a means of torture and execution. For example, in India, a member of the lower castes, who overheard a Brahmin's reading of the sacred books, was poured into his ears with molten metal. And in some countries, counterfeiters were punished with lead by pouring it into their mouths.
  5. Many scientists argue that there is a direct link between lead contamination and crime in the area. Exposure to lead makes a person more aggressive. In our time, lead pollution has become a disaster. Even on an island as remote and sparsely populated as Greenland, the amount of lead in the snow has increased fivefold over the past 100 years.
  6. In 121 BC, the Roman consul Lucius Opimius promised to pay for the head of his opponent, the tribune of the people Gaius Gracchus, a solid bonus - gold, which by weight would be equal to the head of Gracchus. Septumuleus, a friend of Lucius Opimius, delivered the trophy to the consul. Moreover, he went to the trick - he removed the brain of Gracchus, filling the skull with lead. Nevertheless, he received the award in full.
  7. The ancient Greek temple of the Parthenon is one of the main attractions of the country. In 1821, when the Greeks were fighting for independence from the Ottoman Empire, they even took a strange step - they sent a large consignment of lead to the enemy. This was done in order to save the ancient architectural monument. The Acropolis of Athens, where the Parthenon is located, fell into the hands of the Turks. In order to replenish the reserves of lead, they began to disassemble the columns, extracting lead plates from there, which served to fasten the structure. To save the Parthenon, it was necessary to "appease" the enemy.
  8. For a long time, valuable goods, safes, storage facilities were sealed with seals. The word "seal" itself comes from the Latin name for lead - "plumbum". Nowadays, a variety of materials are used for the production of seals, but the former name has been preserved.
  9. The largest reserves of lead are found in the bowels of Australia. China is in second place, and Russia is in third. Most of all lead mined is used in the manufacture of car batteries and batteries.
  10. Even in Ancient Rome, up to 80, 000 tons of lead were mined annually. It was used to make water pipes, which had a detrimental effect on the health of the city's residents.
  11. In the Manturovsky district of the Kursk region there is a village with an unusual name - Lead.