In late 1872, a French daily newspaper began publishing the novel Around the World in 80 Days by the writer Jules Verne. A huge number of readers followed with interest the adventures of the Englishman Phileas Fogg and his servant Jean Passepartout, who went on a journey around the planet. Moreover, it should have been completed within a predetermined period of 80 days. That was the kind of bet Fogg made with his buddies.
The travelers returned to London a few hours later than the appointed time, but, as it turned out, Phileas Fogg won the bet, he completely lost sight of the fact that, moving towards the sun, he did it in 79 days. If the journey went in the opposite direction, from east to west, then the Englishman would have already taken 81 days. Many readers have a reasonable question - did the writer himself make such a trip, or is all this an ordinary fiction?
Critics often called Jules Verne a "armchair" writer, as he described the adventures of most of his book heroes without leaving the table. This is not entirely true, to travel, especially in his youth, Jules Verne loved, but for 80 days he did not go around the planet, although he took writing his famous novel very seriously.
The very idea of creating a work by Jules Verne appeared after reading an article in one of the magazines. The article reported that a person, using the most modern means of transport for that time, is able to travel around the world in just 80 days. The writer began to carefully study scientific literature, travel reports. As a result, they managed to collect an impressive card index, which Jules Verne used in the work on the novel.
In most of the countries described in the novel, Jules Verne was not. But he did a colossal job, he spent hours in the National Library of France, collecting the necessary information. He read excerpts from his novel even at the Amiens Academy. And he prepared a report on the date line, thanks to which Fogg won an unusual bet.
Already the first chapters of the novel caused an unprecedented excitement among the reading public. The journey of Fogg and Passepartout was followed as if it were a real event and not the author's fantasy. Even bets were made on the successful outcome of the enterprise. Entrepreneurs also did not stand aside, one of the American shipping companies offered Jules Verne a huge amount only for the fact that Fogg made the final part of the journey on their ship. The writer refused such a generous gift, without deviating from the original plan.
The popularity of the novel "Around the World in Eighty Days" is evidenced by the following fact: in 1873, the work of Jules Verne was published as a separate book. And the circulation for that time was simply unprecedented - 108, 000 copies. And the books on the shelves of stores were not stale, they were sold out instantly. The book has been translated into many languages of the world.
Jules Verne's novel was very popular in Russia as well. One of the admirers of Verne's talent was the classic of world literature Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy. Tolstoy read and retold the works of his French colleague to children. He was saddened by only one fact - the first editions of this novel were without illustrations. Tolstoy did not have any special talents as a painter, but he himself decided to illustrate "Around the World in Eighty Days". Now, while reading, he showed the children his own drawings.
There were even daredevils who decided not only to repeat the path of literary heroes, but also to surpass their result. For example, in 1889, a young American journalist, Nellie Blye, traveled the Fogg route in 72 days. At the same time, she managed to stop by France, where she visited Jules Verne. In 1901, the Frenchman Gaston Stigler decided on a similar adventure. He completed the journey in 63 days.
Shortly after the release of the novel, the theater of Port-Saint-Martin began work on the creation of the play. The performances went on with unprecedented success. Suffice it to say that in Paris alone, the play has been staged more than two thousand times in several decades. The performance lasted five and a half hours, but they flew by unnoticed, the audience was fascinated by the adventures of Phileas Fogg and Passepartout.
The filmmakers also did not stand aside. The first film adaptation of Jules Verne's novel took place back in 1919 in Germany. The director, producer and screenwriter was Richard Oswald, and the role of Phileas Fogg went to the young actor Konrad Veidt.
One of the most prestigious sailing competitions is the Jules Verne Cup. The trophy is awarded to the crew who sailed around the world in less than 80 days. The prize is kept by the winners until the result is surpassed. there is a prerequisite: the ship must move exclusively with the help of the wind, it is forbidden even to receive any help in ports.