As mentioned in many of Conan Doyle's novellas and tales, Sherlock Holmes lived in London at 221B Becker Street. Numerous letters continue to arrive at this address to the name of Sherlock Holmes. Earlier, Abbey National, located at this address, even had an employee position to handle letters to Sherlock Holmes. Subsequently, the address "Baker Street, 221b" was officially assigned to the house in which the Sherlock Holmes museum was located in the form of his apartment (despite the fact that this had to violate the numbering order of houses on the street, since it is actually house 239).
Conan Doyle was inspired to create the image of Sherlock Holmes by his colleague, Dr. Joseph Bell, who worked at the Royal Hospital in Edinburgh. Among other things, Bell was distinguished by the ability to draw subtle inferences from the smallest observations.
In the stories about Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle described many forensic techniques that were unknown to the police at the time. After the release of the works of Conan Doyle, the deductive method began to be used by criminologists around the world. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Egyptian criminal police introduced the writer's works into the mandatory exam program for investigators.
Sherlock Holmes wears a special deer hunter hat. Nothing is written about her in the text; it was invented by the first illustrator of stories about Holmes, Sidney Paget, who himself wore a similar headdress during his country holidays. At that time, such a hat was worn only in the countryside. In the city, Holmes wears a regular brimmed hat.
The phrase "Elementary, Watson!", Which we used to associate with Sherlock Holmes, never appears in the original books of Conan Doyle. It was invented in one of the theatrical productions based on books about Holmes, from where the phrase quickly migrated into films.
The Adventures of Holmes is the most screened literary work in the history of mankind. At the moment, there are almost 300 official film adaptations.
The writer considered his stories to be frivolous and once made the decision to "kill" his hero. After the publication of the story "The Last Case of Holmes", a heap of angry letters fell on him and the detective had to be "resurrected".
Five Soviet films about Holmes, starring Vasily Livanov and Vitaly Solomin, were recognized by the British as one of the best productions. The museum on Baker Street even plays the music of Vladimir Dashkevich, written for these films. On February 23, 2006, Livanov was awarded the Order of the British Empire.
Actor Vasily Livanov, who played Sherlock Holmes and voiced Carlson, Gena the crocodile and many other cartoon heroes, is known for his characteristic timbre of voice, but this was not always the case. Livanov lost his original voice during the filming of his film debut "Unsent Letter", the director of which made the actors sound the scene of a fire in the taiga in a forty-degree frost. The torn voice returned a few days later, but with a new, familiar timbre.
Korney Chukovsky, who edited most of the canonical Russian translations of works about Holmes, spoke of them as "a half-gimmick trifle."
Dr. Watson's prototype was the real-life Dr. Watson, who lived on Baker Street. Conan Doyle treated his teeth.
At the time of the highest popularity of books about Holmes in London, there was a boom in private detective offices - new ones were opening every week.
In 2007, the New Zealand Mint issued a commemorative series of four silver coins to commemorate the book's anniversary. The reverse of each coin depicts the main characters of "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" performed by Soviet actors: Livanov and Solomin, Mikhalkov and others.