Latte art is the art of artistic decoration of coffee drinks by pouring frothed milk into espresso, which creates various patterns on the surface of the coffee. It is not known who first came up with drawing on coffee foam, but the idea was clearly ingenious, since some coffee lovers are willing to pay 100 euros for a cup of coffee painted by a famous coffee bartender.
Initially, for beauty, cappuccino froth was simply sprinkled with cinnamon. Then the baristas figured out how to draw three basic figures with the help of milk whipped with hot steam - a heart, a leaf ("rosette") and an apple. After some time, the art of decorating coffee has developed to such an extent that now it is not uncommon to get a cup of coffee with a foam pattern in the form of an animal, a flower, or even a girl's silhouette.
The best coffee bartenders gather for art latte competitions and continue to amaze with new solutions and techniques. The world record today is considered to be 7 blossoming roses in a 150 ml cup of cappuccino.
The most important points in drawing on coffee foam are considered to be good espresso and correct milk foam, which cannot be obtained without a modern coffee maker. Milk cooled to 2-4 degrees C is whipped in a milk jug through the device by supplying steam under pressure, which heats the milk to 60-70 degrees C and whips up a delicate fine bubble foam. Such foam will allow you to keep the drawing for 12 minutes, and if even most of the coffee is drunk during this time, the drawing will settle to the bottom of the cup, practically unchanged. Drawing begins after the frothed milk has settled for 30 seconds. One of the most popular techniques is pitching (the Italian method) - drawing with a pitcher or a milk jug, and etching (the Australian method, which allows the use of any available means in addition to milk foam - skewers, spoons, syrups, cinnamon, etc.)
Coffee gurus are sure that with the help of latte design it is possible to accentuate the taste of coffee, since, depending on the pattern, the coffee crema or cream, in which the main taste is concentrated, is located differently. If with the classic "heart" of the cream is evenly nailed to the walls, enhancing the aroma and bitterness of coffee, then the leaf-shaped pattern is more suitable for lovers of mild taste, since the technique of its application helps to reduce the bitterness.