Scientists have not yet come to a consensus - where is the homeland of cabbage? China, the Mediterranean and even England and Ireland are named as options. But, it is known that people were engaged in its cultivation long before our era.
10 Interesting facts about cabbage:
- The word "cabbage" comes from the ancient Greek "kaputum" (head), which emphasizes the peculiar shape of this vegetable.
- In Ancient Egypt, cabbage was served only on the table of the pharaohs, it was considered a delicacy. But it was supposedly started to ferment in China. At the time when the Great Wall of China was being erected, the builders were fed sauerkraut with the addition of caraway seeds, dill and celery. It was believed that such food gives people strength and relieves fatigue.
Even the famous ancient Greek mathematician Pythagoras was engaged in the cultivation of cabbage. He assured that this vegetable maintains fun and cheerfulness, and also soothes the nerves.
- The ancient Greeks and Romans cultivated no more than a dozen varieties of cabbage. In the nineteenth century there were already about thirty, and now there are more than a hundred.
- Methods of growing cabbage are described in detail in "Domostroy" - a literary monument of Russia in the 16th century. Our ancestors were sure that to plant cabbage seedlings on May 18, the day of Arina the nursery. In their opinion, this was the key to a good harvest.
- Theatrical skits got their name for a reason. There is a version that the so-called gatherings of theatrical actors after the end of the winter season. As a rule, during this time there was Great Lent, when the use of modest dishes was not allowed by the church. Therefore, the main decoration of the table was a lean pie with cabbage.
- Many of our compatriots, whose childhood passed in the Soviet Union, of course, remember that the most delicious part of a cabbage head is a cabbage stump. But, it is also the most harmful. Scientists claim that most of the nitrates accumulates in the stump. Cabbage contains more nitrates than watermelon.
- Efim Andreevich Grachev, a famous Russian breeder and gardener of the 19th century, could not get a serious education. He was born into a peasant family in the suburbs of St. Petersburg. After the death of his father, the vegetable garden became the main source of funds for the family. Successful experiments in the field of seed selection allowed the illiterate Efim Grachev in 1877 to become a member of the Paris Academy of Agriculture, Industry and Trade. In 1873, a talented gardener surprised the audience of the Vienna Vegetable Exhibition with a huge head of cabbage, the diameter of which was a whole arshin - 71 centimeters.
- At one time in our country a drink with an unusual name was very popular - sour cabbage soup. Moreover, he had nothing to do with cabbage soup in the modern sense. This spicy carbonated drink was made from cabbage and bottled in champagne bottles. In the morning, after a stormy feast, sour cabbage soup was considered an irreplaceable remedy for a hangover.
- According to the laws of the US state of New Jersey, cabbage is allowed to be sold on any day of the week except Sunday. No one can even remember what caused such a strange ban.
- And in West Virginia, cabbage cannot be fermented. It is believed that this process is accompanied by an unpleasant odor that can disturb neighbors.