A sandwich (from German for butter and brot for bread) is a slice of bread or a roll on which additional foods are placed. There are a huge number of types of sandwiches - from the classic with sausage or cheese to multi-layered from various types of meat, vegetables, herbs and sauces or pates. And the sandwich is called differently in different countries. Canapes, hamburger, sandwich, tartlette are just the most common cousins of the sandwich.
Today we're going to share interesting facts about sandwiches that you may never have known about.
Nicolaus Copernicus is known, first of all, as a great astronomer, mechanic and mathematician. But he is also the inventor of the sandwich. Only not many people know about this. This happened in 1520, during the Polish-Teutonic War.
The army of the Teutonic Order laid siege to Olsztyn Castle, where Copernicus was at that time. Soon an epidemic of some strange disease began among the defenders of the castle. Copernicus, who studied medicine in Italy for two years, pondered the cause of the epidemic and suggested that it was all because of the dirty bread that soldiers eat. Many of them simply understood the piece that fell to the ground, blew dust off it, and some did not even do it.
The scientist suggested covering a slice of bread with butter. If it falls, the dirt will be immediately visible against the white background. It remains only to clean it off. It turned out that it is not only hygienic, but also delicious.
But the sandwich got its name from the English diplomat Lord Sandwich. He was such a gambler that he could sit in a casino for days on end. Even at a meal, I did not want to come off. But I still wanted to eat. Then he ordered to serve himself a piece of cold meat, and in order not to let go of the cards and not to stain them, cover the meat with bread on both sides. Looking at him, other visitors began to do the same. The original appetizer is called a sandwich.
In the very name "hamburger" it is easy to notice the name of the German city of Hamburg. Meat steaks with bread were indeed popular in Germany at the end of the 19th century.
The settlers in the United States took the recipe with them. But the mass sale of hamburgers in 1900 was established by Louis Lassen's grocery store in Connecticut. Americans loved the speed of preparation and the relative cheapness of the hamburger.
Louis Lassen sold his first hamburger on July 27, 1900. Therefore, it is on July 27 that the birthday of the hamburger is celebrated. And in the city of Seymour, Wisconin, is the Hamburger Hall of Fame.
In 1921, White Castle set a firm price for its own hamburgers at 5 cents. Surprisingly, this price remained unchanged for a quarter of a century - until 1946.
You can talk about hamburgers and sandwiches as much as you want, but one cannot but remember that sandwiches were an integral part of the life of Soviet citizens. It was in our country that Copernicus's invention was improved: they not only smeared butter on the bread, but also put a piece of sausage.
In the summer of 1936, Anastas Mikoyan, People's Commissar for the Food Industry of the USSR, visited the United States. It was there that he became interested in the cutlet machines that were used to make hamburgers. Soon 25 of these machines arrived in the USSR. It was not possible only to agree on the production of Coca-Cola in the USSR. The Americans did not want to sell the recipe, offering the supply of concentrate. But, this option did not suit the leadership of the USSR.
In 2011, residents of the Lebanese village of Kfar Katra made a 720-meter long sandwich. 700 people worked on this culinary masterpiece. The giant sandwich was cut into 14, 260 pieces and distributed to the guests.