Interesting facts about the Atlantic Ocean

For a long time, the Atlantic Ocean was an unattainable target for sailors. It is often raged by storms and storms, which are dangerous even for modern watercraft, not to mention the sailing boats of the past centuries. Due to the complexity of research and the numerous anomalous phenomena occurring in individual zones, the depths of the Atlantic have not yet been fully explored. The Atlantic Ocean washes Iceland and Greenland from the north, the European and African continents from the east, South America from the west and Antarctica from the south, and borders more than 100 countries. Its area is 61, 66 million square kilometers, of which about sixteen percent are straits and bays, seas.

20 Interesting Facts About the Atlantic Ocean

  1. The Atlantic Ocean occupies 17% of the total area of ​​our planet, and the volume of Antarctic waters is a quarter of the total volume of the World Ocean. The total volume of water in the Atlantic Ocean is approximately equal to the volume of all ice in Antarctica.
  2. The deepest point in the Atlantic is the Puerto Rico Oceanic Trench. The depth of the depression reaches 8, 74 kilometers. At the same time, the average depth is 3, 74 kilometers.
  3. The ocean got its name in honor of a titan from ancient Greek mythology - Atlas. In theory, Atlas (aka Atlas) held the sky with his shoulders, preventing it from falling.
  4. The area of ​​the Atlantic Ocean is several times larger than the area of ​​any country. So, it is 5 times larger than the largest country in the world - Russia. And the comparison with other countries is completely inappropriate and resembles a giant with a midget. Thus, the Atlantic occupies 180 times more area than Spain. At the same time, the area of ​​the ocean under consideration (due to the movement of tectonic plates) annually increases by 3-4 centimeters.
  5. The Atlantic Ocean contains the largest geological features: the largest island on the planet Greenland, the longest Gulf Stream in the world.
  6. The 3 largest rivers in the world flow into the Atlantic. The height of the tides in some places reaches 15-18 meters. This is approximately equal to the height of a five-story building with high ceilings.
  7. The Atlantic waters are home to an incredible number of marine life. There are over 245 species of plankton alone. Approximately 40% of all world fish production comes from the Atlantic Ocean.
  8. It is here that the most mysterious and anomalous zone in the world is located, about which there are many legends. Ships and planes crossing this area disappear mysteriously. Scientists have not yet been able to explain the secret of this phenomenon. We are talking about the Bermuda Triangle. The legendary city of Atlantis, which, according to legends, completely sank, is located at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean.
  9. The thickness of sediments at the bottom reaches 2 km. Which is not surprising. After all, the Mississippi and the Amazon alone annually bring about 1 billion tons of soil into the Atlantic. In general, 1.8 billion tons of solid sediments fall into the ocean annually, which settle on the bottom.
  10. It is in the Atlantic Ocean that the only sea in the world without shores is located - Sargassovo. The Bermuda Triangle zone is located in this sea.
  11. The Atlantic waters are very cold from the south. The recorded temperature record over the ocean surface is minus thirty-four degrees Celsius.
  12. The waters of the Atlantic hide a powerful ridge that actually divides the ocean floor into 2 large plains.
  13. Humans have made repeated attempts to cross the Atlantic in a hot air balloon. But, alas, all these attempts were unsuccessful and the daredevils simply died.
  14. In the middle of the century before last, engineers of that time decided to implement a large-scale project: to lay a telegraph cable along the ocean floor. The work lasted over 15 years. The project required very, very huge amounts of money.
  15. Winds in Atlantic tropics sometimes exceed 200 km / h. The worst storms hit the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
  16. The waters in the Atlantic Ocean are the saltiest of all oceans, with an average annual salinity of 35 ppm.
  17. The Atlantic Ocean passes through all climatic zones from south to north. No other ocean covers all belts from the Arctic to Antarctica.
  18. The Blue Ribbon has been a reward for a long time. It was awarded to steamers who managed to cross the ocean within a certain period of time. With the development of the shipbuilding and aviation industry, it was gradually forgotten.
  19. Columbus was the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean. But there is a version that the Vikings sailed across the Atlantic on their ships many millennia ago.
  20. In 2010, an oil platform exploded in the Atlantic Gulf. About 5 million barrels of oil spilled into the Gulf of Mexico, creating an oil slick with an area of ​​75 thousand square kilometers, this is the largest disaster in the history of mankind that occurred at sea.