Interesting facts about the Indian Ocean

Four oceans cover most of the area of ​​our planet (according to some sources, five). And the third largest of these is the Indian Ocean. The destruction of the most ancient continent of Gondwana led to the emergence of a depression between the continents - the bed of this gigantic reservoir. It got its name as a symbol of the aspiration of ancient travelers and sailors to reach the fabulous country of India.

12 Interesting Facts About the Indian Ocean

  1. According to historians, long before our era, about 5 thousand years ago, the first sailors sailed the Indian Ocean and even managed to move to Australia. Ancient Greek sailors and travelers reached its western shores and called it the Eritrean Sea. In Russia, the Indian Ocean was called the Black Sea (obsolete "Red Sea").
  2. The loudest fame as the "admiral of the Indian Ocean" was Vasco da Gama, who was the first to reach the shores of India, passing by sea from Portugal and circling Africa.
  3. One fifth of the entire water surface of the globe is in the Indian Ocean. The territory it occupies is 8 times the size of China. And the water volume of the ocean is 12 times larger than the volume of Lake Baikal. Geographically, the Indian Ocean is bordered by 4 continents and 39 countries on them, the territories of France and Great Britain, as well as the southernmost continent Antarctica.
  4. Only 10 seas wash the coastal strip of the Indian Ocean, 15% of the surface is: seas, straits and bays. 10 thousand kilometers of endless sea - this is the way from the Cape of Good Hope in Africa to Cape South Point in Australia. The southernmost points of both continents.
  5. The ocean is over 7 kilometers deep. After conducting deep-sea research caused by the death of a Malaysian Boeing, scientists discovered high mountain ranges at the bottom of the Indian Ocean. There is also a deep waterfall. The effect of such an amazing phenomenon is achieved due to the movement of sand, and this "miracle" is located near the island of Mauritius.
  6. Among the seas of all oceans, in the first place, in terms of transparency and salinity of water, is the Red Sea. Surprisingly, not a single river flows into it, and water from the surface quickly evaporates. The Indian Ocean saves the sea from dehydration.
  7. The warmest ocean is the Indian. It is not surprising that its shores and islands attract tourists so much. The height of the tidal wave reaches 3 meters, although there are places where it is much higher. So in the north of Australia it reaches 8 meters, and in the south of India - 6 meters. There are storms and storms in the Indian Ocean, but still less often than in the neighboring Pacific Ocean. There was also an earthquake, which resulted in the death of 300 thousand people.
  8. In the south, the Indian Ocean is bordered by the southern continent - Antarctica. It has a significant effect on it, reducing the salinity of waters, giving floating icebergs and high clouds.
  9. The flora and fauna of the ocean is quite rich, but, despite this, the fishing industry is surprisingly sparse and monotonous and accounts for only 5% of the global one. There is also such an exotic animal as the blue-ringed octopus, the poison of which is fatal to humans if medical assistance is not provided in time. And in the 40s of the last century, the oldest fish in the world, coelacanth, was discovered. Prior to that, science considered it extinct. But the big pigeon, also called dodo or dodo, was out of luck. All three species of this bird were exterminated from the 15th to the 17th centuries.
  10. In the Indian Ocean, there is also such an amazing phenomenon as glowing circles. Science cannot yet explain this phenomenon. It is thought to be caused by plankton colonies. There are also the largest colonies of sea corals in the world's oceans.
  11. Whole, undamaged ships without a single crew member on board have been found in the waters of this ocean more than once. It is not possible to explain this. Many hypotheses have been put forward, but not one of them does not answer many questions. Another exotic, esoteric legend is associated with the mythical continent - Lemuria, which sank due to the fault of the inhabitants of this ancient civilization.
  12. But the Somali pirates are quite real robbers who attack merchant ships moving along the old trade route from Europe to Asia. They chose the Gulf of Aden in the Indian Ocean as the place of their "hunt". In their motorboats, the corsairs carry out audacious ransom attacks. The combined actions of the naval forces of NATO, India and Russia managed to organize military patrols and suppress the sorties of sea robbers. There is another pirate nest in the Indochina Peninsula. Since ancient times, it has been restless here. Madame Wong remains the most famous person who gave "food" for many fictions, plots of action films and books. Its influence in the waters of the Indian Ocean was enormous, and its zone of influence stretched from the Persian Gulf to Taiwan.