Interesting facts "Geography" Interesting facts about the capitals of the world
- In 1712, by order of Peter the Great, the capital of the Russian state was transferred from ancient Moscow to young St. Petersburg. The city on the Neva remained in this status until 1918. Soon after the revolution, it was decided to return the capital to Moscow. Despite the signing of the Brest Peace Treaty, the First World War continued. The proximity of Petrograd to the front line became one of the reasons for the transfer of the capital. As the newspapers of that time wrote, the capital had to be rid of the risk of capture.
- Budapest, the capital of Hungary and the largest city in this country, was formed in 1873. Moreover, the name was given to him by two different cities - Buda and Pest. They were located on different banks of the Danube, but it was decided to combine several Hungarian cities (Buda, Pest and Obuda) into one settlement.
- It is generally accepted that the capital is, as a rule, the largest and most developed city in the state. This is not always the case, suffice it to recall the United States - about 650, 000 people live in the capital of the country, Washington DC. According to this indicator, Washington is not even included in the twenty largest American cities. For example, New York has 8, 500, 000 residents.
- Washington, of course, is not the largest city, but the title of the smallest capital in the world belongs to Adamstown - the administrative center of the Pitcairn Islands in the Pacific Ocean. Adamstown has 49 residents. The children living here are educated through the Internet. Interestingly, there is even a town square in Adamstown.
- The full name of the capital of Bolivia, La Paz, is Nuestra Senora de La Paz. And this city is also the highest mountain capital in the world, La Paz is located at an altitude of 3, 600 meters above sea level. Altitude also affects the climate, even in summer the temperature does not reach 20 degrees Celsius.
- And here is the northernmost capital of the world - Icelandic Reykjavik. However, the climate here is quite comfortable for this latitude. The influence of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream and geysers affects. After all, it is precisely because of the geysers that the city got its name, which translates as "smoking bay".
- Which city is the capital of Switzerland? This question is often difficult even for experts in geography. But, the fact is that the Constitution of Switzerland itself does not say a word about the capital of the state. The State Parliament and the Federal Council sit in Bern. At the same time, it is officially not the capital, but only a "federal city". The Swiss themselves believe that the absence of a capital emphasizes the equality of all cantons that make up the republic.
- Ottawa is the capital of Canada. At the same time, Ottawa is located in the province of Ontario. But the administrative center of this province is no longer Ottawa, but Toronto. The same "fate" befell Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands. The city is located in North Holland, where the capital is the city of Haarlem.
- Prague is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. In order for the capital of the Czech Republic to preserve the appearance of a cozy ancient city, it is forbidden to install satellite dishes and plastic windows in old districts. And the oldest beer house in the city “U Fleku” has been operating since 1459.