Eritrea is one of the youngest states on our planet; this country gained independence from Ethiopia just over a quarter of a century ago - on May 24, 1993. Eritrea is located in eastern Africa on the shores of the Red Sea. The territory of the state is 117, 000 square kilometers, and the population is about 6 million people. In 1993, a referendum was held in the country, in which more than 90 percent of citizens voted for the creation of an independent state.
The inhabitants of Eritrea are sure that it was on the territory of their country that the ancestor of the great poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, Abram Hannibal, was born. He was born at the end of the 17th century, in early childhood he was captured and taken to the palace of the Turkish Sultan. In 1704, the Russian diplomat Savva Raguzinsky brought the boy to Moscow, where he was baptized into Orthodoxy.
In 2009, in the capital of Eritrea, the city of Asmara, a monument to Pushkin was erected. Moreover, the monument was erected on the square, which also bears the name of Pushkin. Some of Alexander Sergeevich's works are included in the school curriculum of Eritrea.
According to the Global Press Freedom Index, Eritrea is ranked last in the world for this indicator. Even the North Korean media have more freedom. All media are controlled by the state; there are no private radio stations or TV channels. Considering that relations with neighboring Ethiopia are far from ideal, military service is compulsory not only for boys, but also for girls. Dodgers are severely punished.
Despite the difficult economic and political situation in the country, Eritrea is one of the safest countries for tourists on the entire continent. The main attention of the guests is the capital - Asmara. But free movement outside its borders is rather difficult, for this you need to obtain a special permit.
The backbone of Eritrea's economy is agriculture, which employs about 80 percent of the total working-age population. The country is experiencing a shortage of fertile soil due to the erosion process. They grow bananas, corn, potatoes, and wheat. Fishing is developed in the coastal areas. At the same time, most of the food has to be purchased abroad.
Since 2000, Eritrean athletes have regularly participated in the Summer Olympics. There are even some successes, in 2004, at the Games in Athens, athlete Zersenay Tadese won a bronze medal in the 10, 000 meter race. The athletes of this African country even have a little experience of participating in the Winter Olympics; in 2018, skier Shannon-Ogbani Abeda competed in Korean Pyeongchang. And he finished 61st in the giant slalom.
The real headache for the government of Eritrea is the national soccer team. Going abroad, many players are in no hurry to return back. For example, in 2009, 12 footballers fled during a competition in Kenya. In the future, such massive shoots have become commonplace. Despite this, the country's football association continues to recruit players for the Eritrea national team.
Until 1997, the monetary currency of Eritrea was the Ethiopian birr, which was then replaced by a new currency called the nakfa. It got its name from the small town of Nakfa with a population of several thousand people. It was this city that became the center of the struggle for the independence of Eritrea in the early nineties of the last century. Coins in this country are made of stainless steel.
Eritrea is one of the few countries on the planet that does not have an official language. One of the most widespread languages on the territory of the state is tigrinya, which is spoken by the Tigrai people. Arabic, Italian and English are also widely spoken.
One of the main dangers of the country is volcanoes. There are several of them here, one of the most active is Dubby. He peacefully "dozed" since 1861, but a few years ago he loudly reminded of himself again. In 2011, there was a powerful eruption, which was accompanied by tremors. volcanic ash rose to a height of 13 kilometers.
The attraction of Keren, the third largest city in the country, is the ancient baobab, which grows near the local market. He, according to local legends, is a symbol of prosperity. The inhabitants of Keren believe in a sign - if a woman serves a man a cup of coffee under this baobab tree, then they will both be rich and wise.
Primary education is compulsory in the country for children from 7 to 13 years old. In public schools, tuition is free. Despite this, the level of literacy in the country is not high for the 21st century. According to official figures, about 70 percent of men and less than 50 percent of women can read and write. Higher education can be obtained at a university located in the capital of Eritrea.