Dikson is the northernmost settlement in Russia

The urban-type settlement Dikson is the northernmost settlement in our country. It was founded a little over 100 years ago - in 1915 on Dikson Island in the Kara Sea. The island, like the village, got its name in honor of the Swedish businessman Oskar Dixon, who back in the seventies of the XIX century financed the expedition of the polar explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskjold. And in Russia at that time this island was often called "Kuzkin", in memory of some Russian sailor and industrialist named Kuzma.

In 1915, a coal base for sea vessels was organized here and the first two wooden houses were built. The development of the village began with them. The official day of its foundation is September 7, 1915, when a polar radio station was opened here. Currently, part of the village is located on an island, and the other half on the Taimyr Peninsula. They are separated by the Yenisei Gulf, the width of which in this area is about one and a half kilometers. Almost all of Dikson's residents live on the mainland.

Currently, the village is home to just over 500 residents. And thirty years ago, the population of Dixon exceeded 5, 000 people. There is an airport and a seaport (it is also the northernmost in Russia). The construction of the port began in 1934; it was assumed that it would be one of the most important points of the Northern Sea Route. Nowadays, the port's cargo turnover has significantly decreased. Navigation lasts only three months a year.

Dixon is probably one of the smallest settlements with its own print media. Since March 31, 2006, the local administration has been publishing the weekly "Dikson Bulletin". There is also a Dickson Secondary School with 30 students.

Dixon has a sister city. It is located in the USA in the state of Illinois and bears the same name - Dixon. True, the American Dixon has nothing to do with the Swedish businessman. It is named after the owner of the local ferry, John Dixon, who lived here in the first half of the nineteenth century. Former US President Ronald Reagan spent his childhood in this city. In 1988, while Reagan was still alive, a monument was erected to him here.

And in our Dikson there are as many as three monuments. One of them was installed in honor of the sailors who defended Dixon during the Great Patriotic War. The second is dedicated to the polar explorer Nikifor Begichev, and the third - to the Norwegian Peter Tessem, a member of the expedition on the schooner "Maud" led by Roald Amundsen.

In 1942 the German battleship Admiral Scheer entered the Kara Sea. The Nazis tried to block the movement of ships along the Northern Sea Route. On August 25, 1942, the battleship fired at the Soviet icebreaker Sibiryakov, killing 85 sailors. Then the patrol ship "Dezhnev" and coastal artillery entered the battle, "Admiral Scheer" was forced to retreat.

The climate is harsh. Suffice it to say that the average temperature in August is just over four degrees Celsius. and the average annual temperature is minus eleven degrees. On February 7, 1979, the thermometer in Discone dropped to minus 48 degrees. From May to August there is a polar day, and from November to February it is a polar night. Severe frosts are often accompanied by stormy winds, the speed of which reaches 30 meters per second.

As in all settlements located in the permafrost zone, houses in Dikson are installed on stilts. This is done so that the premises do not warm up the ground, otherwise the house may collapse due to the displacement of the foundation.

The nearest large settlements, Dudinka and Norilsk, are about 500 kilometers from Dikson. You can get there by plane. In Dikson itself, there is no public transport, mobile Internet or even a supermarket. Although, not so long ago, Dixon was called "the capital of the Arctic".

Dixon has his own coat of arms. It depicts a polar bear - "the master of the Arctic". The bear stands at the top of the North Pole of the Earth, and above it is the constellation Ursa Major. The coat of arms and the flag were officially approved on May 6, 2003 as symbols of the Dikson region of the Taimyr (Dolgano-Nenets) Autonomous Okrug. And since 2006, after the municipal reform, they have become symbols of the "Urban Settlement of Dixon".

Dixon is part of the Taimyr Dolgan-Nenets District of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. At the same time, here it is much closer to the North Pole (1800 kilometers) than to Krasnoyarsk. To get to it, you need to cover a distance of 2, 500 kilometers.

On February 9, when the polar night ends, Sun Day is celebrated in Dikson. August 27 - Dickson Defense Day, August 29 - Twin City Day and September 7 - Urban Settlement Day. Dixon is the northernmost settlement where fighting took place during World War II.