Interesting facts about Tasmania

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  1. Tasmania got its name from the 17th century Dutch navigator Abel Janszon Tasman. In 1642-1644. he made sea voyages to the shores of Australia, proving that it is a separate continent. The island and the sea were named after Tasman.
  2. Tasmania is currently a state of Australia. But, from Australia itself, the island is separated by the Bass Strait. And several thousand years ago, when the level of the World Ocean was much lower than today, Tasmania was a peninsula, therefore, some tribes freely penetrated the south of Australia. But, with the onset of global warming, the water level rose and Tasmania was 240 kilometers from Australia. The Tasmanians were cut off from the mainland.
  3. The area of ​​Tasmania is about 68, 000 square kilometers. It is home to half a million people, but none of them is a purebred descendant of the indigenous population of the island. The last representative of the Tasmanian aborigines named Truganini died on May 8, 1876. Together with her, the language of the indigenous population of the island has become a thing of the past.
  4. The population of Tasmania has become extinct for various reasons. But, one of the main ones is that the inhabitants of Tasmania led an isolated lifestyle for many centuries and turned out to be completely defenseless against the diseases that the Europeans brought with them, who appeared on the island in the second half of the 19th century. Pneumonia and tuberculosis mowed down the natives no less than the bloodiest war. Only the descendants of mixed marriages have survived, but they, of course, are not considered indigenous Tasmanians.
  5. The majority of the population is now the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland. There are more than 80 percent of them here. In addition, immigrants from some Asian countries, for example, China and India, live on the island of Tasmania.
  6. The state capital is Hobart. Interestingly, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, there was a prison on the site of Hobart, where criminals were taken not only from Australia, but also from the entire British Empire. Hobart is currently a major industrial and tourist center. It is not for nothing that the well-known magazine Conde Nast Traveler has twice recognized Tasmania as the "Best island in the world with a temperate climate."
  7. Tasmania is only 2, 000 kilometers from the coast of Antarctica. Therefore, it is from the city of Hobart that the Australian polar expeditions are sent to the Ice Continent.
  8. Tasmania is often referred to as Apple Island. European settlers have organized many apple plantations here. For a long time, these were one of the highest quality apples in the world, since apple trees appeared in Tasmania relatively recently, therefore, in nature they did not have natural enemies. And today Tasmania is one of the largest apple exporters in the world. Products are even sent to China.
  9. A large number of fast-flowing rivers provide the island with its own electricity. After World War II, a large number of hydroelectric power plants were built in Tasmania. Almost all of the island's rivers originate in the Central Plateau, going down to the coast.
  10. Amazing animals can be found in Tasmania. Among them is the Tasmanian devil, a predatory marsupial mammal. It got its name for the ferocity and terrible screams that it is capable of issuing. It was destroyed in huge numbers to protect pets from attacks. By the middle of the last century, the Taman devil was on the verge of complete extinction. The population was saved only thanks to the laws prohibiting hunting.
  11. The Tasmanian marsupial wolf, however, was far less fortunate. To protect the sheep, the island's authorities paid a bonus for every wolf killed. The last wild marsupial wolf was killed in 1930, and six years later the last representative of this species, which was kept in a private zoo, died of old age. There are, however, suggestions that some wolves may have survived in the wilds of the Tasmanian forests. But, there is not a single documentary evidence of this.
  12. More than 40 percent of the island's area is forested. And a fifth of Tasmania is the territory of national parks. Due to this, the ecological situation here is quite favorable. Tasmanian conservationists are actively opposing papermaking and mining on the island.
  13. Travel from Tasmania to Australia is possible by air or by ferry daily from Melbourne to Devonport. But the railway transport on the island is poorly developed. Only a few narrow-gauge lines are in operation, designed to serve the enterprises of the timber and mining industries. Passenger traffic was canceled back in 1977. But, tourist routes have survived, on which you can even find steam locomotives released at the end of the 19th century.