Munich is the administrative center of Bavaria and the third most populous city in Germany. More than 1, 500, 000 people live in Munich, more only in Berlin and Hamburg.
13 interesting facts about Munich
- As early as the 8th century, the monks of the Sheftlarn monastery lived on the site of modern Munich. It is interesting that the very name of the city, translated from German, means "At the monks." In 1158, the documents first mention the settlement of Villa Munichen, which after 17 years received the status of a city.
- Munich hosts the largest folk festival in the world - Oktoberfest. up to 6 million guests from all over the world come to this holiday every year. For the first time, this holiday took place on October 12, 1810, on the wedding day of Crown Prince Ludwig and Princess Teresa. Munich breweries are preparing for this event carefully, you need to brew beer for all guests, and nonresident, and even more so foreign, beer producers are not allowed. And a drink for a holiday requires up to 6, 000, 000 liters. At the same time, the cost of beer is regularly increasing.
- Munich is not called the "beer capital" for nothing, it is in this city that the largest beer restaurant in the world - Hofbräuhaus is located. It opened at the beginning of the 17th century and has been operating to this day. The restaurant can simultaneously accommodate up to three and a half thousand visitors. During his emigration, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin lived in Munich, who regularly visited the Hofbräuhaus.
- At that time, the editorial office of the underground revolutionary newspaper Iskra was located in Munich. The first issue was printed in Leipzig on December 11, 1900 with a circulation of 3, 000 copies. While trying to smuggle it to Russia, the newspaper was confiscated at the border. In 1902, the editorial staff of Iskra moved from Munich to London, and the next year to Geneva.
- Hofbräuhaus patrons can even “reserve” a permanent mug for themselves, which will be kept in a safe deposit box, and the key kept by the visitor. Moreover, the cell can even be inherited. This service is currently used by about 4, 000 Hofbräuhaus customers.
- Munich is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. Only a third of today's inhabitants are born in Munich. The rest are newcomers. Moreover, every fourth inhabitant is a foreigner.
- In Munich in 1916, the Swiss engineer Karl Friedrich Rapp registered the BMW company - "Bavarian Motor Works". The head office of the company is still located in this city, in a skyscraper with a height of 101 meters. The BMW Museum was also opened here in 1972. Up to 250, 000 people visit it annually.
- Despite the fact that the population of Munich exceeds one and a half million inhabitants, there are not many skyscrapers in the city. And in 2004, at a referendum, a decision was made according to which it is forbidden to erect buildings higher than 99 meters in the city. This is done so that new buildings do not cover one of the main symbols of the city - the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, which is exactly 99 meters high. The construction of the cathedral was completed in the 16th century and can accommodate up to 20, 000 people at the same time.
- In 1972 Munich became the capital of the Winter Olympics. For the first time in the history of the Olympics, US athletes were unable to win gold medals in a basketball tournament. In the final match, the Americans lost to the Soviet Union team with a score of 50:51. Moreover, the decisive ball was thrown into the opponent's ring by Alexander Belov in the last seconds of the match.
- Even Albert Einstein was involved in organizing the Oktoberfest. His father was the owner of an electric company, Albert, as a teenager, installed electric lamps in the square in preparation for the holiday. The Einstein family lived in Munich from 1880 to 1894.
- Germany has a time limit on the sale of alcoholic beverages in shops and bars. However, the people of Munich found a way out here too - by order of the mayor of the city, beer with a low hop content was recognized not as alcohol, but as food. And many pubs in Munich allow visitors to come with their own products. However, in this case, beer is no longer a product.
- In 1966, after serving in the army, Arnold Schwarzenegger moved to Munich. The young athlete got a job at a fitness club. At that time, the financial affairs of a novice bodybuilder were far from brilliant, Arnold, who did not have a home, even had to sleep in the gym. Two years later, Schwarzenegger went to the United States.
- The pride of Munich is FC Bayern, one of the most titled football clubs in the world. The club was founded on February 27, 1900. Danish footballer Søren Lerby, who played for the German club for several years, demonstrated an amazing example of a professional attitude to business. On 13 November 1985, he played for the Denmark national team against Ireland in Dublin. Then, he got on a plane and went to Germany, where on the same day he entered the field as part of “Bavaria”.