Interesting facts "Cities and countries" Interesting facts about the state of Sri Lanka
- Until 1972, this state had a different name - Ceylon. But Sri Lanka (translated from Sanskrit "Blessed Land") this country has been officially called since 1972. For a long time, the country was a colony of Great Britain, in 1948 it received the status of a dominion, and since 1972 - full independence, while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- Sri Lanka is located on the island of the same name, not far from the southeastern coast of the Indian subcontinent. The population of the island is over 20 million people. Plus a huge number of tourists who regularly visit this exotic state.
- The most popular animal here is the elephant. In Sri Lanka, elephants are found both in reserves and in the wild. At the beginning of the 19th century, about 30, 000 of these giants lived on the island. But, hunting for them became one of the favorite pastimes of the colonialists, therefore, the number of animals was rapidly decreasing. Recently, thanks to the creation of nurseries and reserves, elephants have been saved from complete extinction. For killing an elephant, the criminal faces life imprisonment.
- For a long time, Ceylon has been famous for its coffee. But, in the seventies of the nineteenth century, a significant part of the plantations was struck by some kind of disease, and the British colonialists decided to transfer the local economy to the production of tea. The seedlings were brought from China and have taken root very well here. Soon, Ceylon tea became popular all over the world. And in the city of Kandy, the Tea Museum was even opened. At present, Sri Lanka is the third largest exporter of tea in the world, behind only two countries - China and India.
- Tea from the island of Sri Lanka began to be brought to the Soviet Union during the reign of Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev. At this time, these two countries were tied by friendly relations, and in the USSR problems began with its own production of tea, in Georgia they switched to a mechanical method of assembly, which significantly deteriorated the quality of the drink. True, tea from Sri Lanka was imported in small quantities and was in short supply.
- There are over 80 species of snakes on the island, most of which are non-venomous. The greatest danger to locals and tourists is the Indian cobra, which can be up to two meters long. Local doctors say the number of deaths from cobra bites has dropped significantly in recent years as antidotes have been developed.
- Poya Days in Sri Lanka are celebrated every full moon. At this time, not only government organizations, but even shops are not working. It is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol during the full moon period. But the New Year is not celebrated here at midnight, the time of its occurrence is determined by astrologers and falls on April. Moreover, between the departure of the old year and the arrival of the new there is a certain transition period of several hours. At this time, it is customary to refrain from any
work, as it will be useless.
- Interestingly, there are no sudden changes in air temperature in Sri Lanka. Almost all year round, the temperature is kept at the level of 30 degrees Celsius. And the difference between the maximum and minimum indicators does not exceed 5 degrees.
- Divorces are very rare in Sri Lanka. In the event that they decide to break off the marriage, the husband is obliged to pay his ex-wife half of all his income, moreover, for the rest of his life.