New Zealand is a mysterious country at the very end of the world, the closest neighbor of which is Australia, 1500 km to the northwest.
Interestingly, located on two large islands (North Island and South Island) and about 700 adjacent smaller islands, New Zealand exists in two time zones, and the climate of this country varies from warm subtropical in the north of the North Island, to cool temperate in the south and central regions of the South Island. Interestingly, due to the influence of the ocean, the difference between summer and winter temperatures in New Zealand is no more than 10 degrees.
New Zealand's geography includes an impressive landscape that includes the vast mountain ranges of the Southern Alps (more than the French, Austrian and Swiss Alps combined), the volcanoes of the North Island region, fjords, glaciers, lakes, forests, and vast grassy plains.
Interestingly, New Zealand's main character is its diligently maintained green and clean image. In New Zealand, there is no thermal power plant, nuclear power plant, only hydroelectric power plants that do not harm nature. There are no metallurgical and chemical industries here, and 25% of the area is occupied by national parks and protected areas.
Interestingly, even about 1000 years ago, before the appearance of permanent human settlements on the islands, mammals were historically completely absent, with the exception of bats, whales, sea lions and fur seals.
Interestingly, the national symbol of New Zealand is the kiwi, a wingless "furry" bird that lays eggs almost the size of its own body.
The original name for New Zealand is Aotearoa or "Land of the Long White Cloud". Colloquially New Zealand is also known as the "Wobbly Islands" due to its geothermal activity and numerous earthquakes. The reason for this is that New Zealand is part of the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire. The most active volcano is Mount Ruapehu in the central part of the North Island.
The capital of the country is Wellington. Interestingly, in small Wellington (only 460, 000 people), the number of bars and restaurants per capita MUCH exceeds the number of restaurants and bars in New York.
The population of New Zealand is about 4, 377, 000 people (as of 2010) and is a mixture of nationalities and cultures (Europeans -75%, indigenous Maori population - 15%, the rest of the percentage falls on immigrants from Fiji and Samoa, from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, etc.). New Zealand has two official languages - English and Maori. Interestingly, no other highly developed country in the world recognizes the Aboriginal language as the state language.
Immigrants from Polynesia were the first to settle the deserted islands in the 11-14 centuries. The first meeting of Maori and Europeans took place in 1642, when the ship of the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman approached the shores of New Zealand, and in 1840 the Waitangi Treaty was signed, according to which New Zealand became a British colony. The same document attested to the respect and guarantee of the rights of the Maori people who have lived here since ancient times. Interestingly, this contract is still in force and upon hiring the employer is obliged to check the applicant's understanding of Waitangi's provisions.
New Zealand gained its independence from Great Britain in 1907. Interestingly, until 1901 New Zealand and Australia were one state.
Interestingly, it was New Zealand that was the first democratic country in 1893 to establish equal rights between men and women, and women received the right to vote.
There is a place in New Zealand whose geographical name consists of 85 letters - the longest name in the world - Taumata whakatangi hangakoauau o tamatea turi pukakapiki maunga horo nuku pokai whenua kitanatahu - which roughly translates as: "The hill where Tamatea with big knees, conqueror of mountains, eater of land, traveler by land and sea, played his koauau to his beloved. "
Interestingly, New Zealand athletes have won more Olympic gold medals per capita than any other country. The favorite sport of New Zealanders is rugby. National Team All Blacks - won over 73% of their matches over the years. And yet, it was the New Zealanders who came up with bungee jumping.
Interestingly, New Zealand has a huge number of cars - 2.5 million for 4.3 million people. Only 2% of New Zealanders use the bus and 1% by train. In addition, it is interesting that roads in New Zealand are not sprinkled with salt, so cars rust very slowly. Two thirds of the total number of cars are between 7 and 16 years old. Every sixth car is over 16 years old. In 2005, New Zealand became the first country in the world to introduce a carbon tax (tax on the emission of gases into the atmosphere)
Interestingly, according to statistics, every third inhabitant of the Earth considers New Zealand the best place to live and dreams of being there!