Rosehip belongs to the genus of plants in the Pink family. By the way, roses are a cultural form of rose hips, which people have bred as a result of long-term selection. They first appeared in ancient Rome. There are many types of rose hips. According to various sources, from 300 to 500. On the territory of the Russian Federation, you can find about 100 species of wild rose hips, and many of them do not grow outside of it.
The average life span of one rosehip bush is 30-50 years. But, there are also real centenarians, whose age is hundreds of years. They already look more like real trees than shrubs. The oldest wild rose was found in Germany at the Hildesheim Cathedral. Scientists cannot even determine its exact age, calling different data - from 400 to 1, 000 years. The height of this giant is 14 meters, and the trunk diameter is about half a meter.
The ancient Greeks were sure that the rose hips were nothing more than a drop of blood from the goddess of love Aphrodite. Among the Slavs, the dog rose was a symbol of youth, love and beauty. With the help of flowers, the Slavs stopped the blood. And excavations of ancient settlements on the territory of modern Switzerland suggest that people used rose hips at the end of the Ice Age.
In Russia, wild rose was not only eaten raw, it was used to prepare a variety of decoctions, therefore, it was dried for the whole year. During the wars, it was used to heal the wounded. The broth washed the wounds to avoid infection. This method was also used in the twentieth century, during the Great Patriotic War. Modern research confirms the bactericidal properties of rose hips. The drugs they contain are used in the treatment of many skin diseases.
Rosehip is also useful in treating kidney disease and is also an excellent diuretic. Regular consumption of these fruits can help in the fight against excess weight, normalize the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, and strengthen the immune system. Rosehip fruits contain 50 times more ascorbic acid than lemon.
In Central Russia, wild rose blooms in May-June, flowering lasts about three weeks. Phenologists associate the beginning of summer with the blooming of wild rose. As the sun rises, the flowers open and close at sunset. This helps protect the pollen from dew. Bees willingly collect nectar and pollen from flowers, rosehip honey has a pleasant taste and aroma, does not crystallize for a long time. It is possible to collect a little nectar from the rose hips, but much more pollen.
To a greater extent, wild rose is widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, some of its species can be found even near the Arctic Circle. But, this shrub is quite unpretentious. For example, in the 19th century he was brought to Australia and he acclimatized well there.
In 2011, the Royal Canadian Mint issued a $ 20 silver coin. The weight of the coin is 31, 39 g, on the obverse there is an image of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, and on the reverse there is a branch of a blossoming rose hip with Swarovski crystals. The coin was made in a small edition of 10, 000 pieces. And the most ancient coin with the image of a rosehip was issued on the island of Rhodes in the 4th-5th centuries. BC.
The image of a dog rose adorns the coat of arms of the Canadian province of Alberta. The modern version of this coat of arms was officially approved in 1980. It is wild roses that are the flower symbol of this province. Under the rose hips, the motto is "Fortis et Liber", which means "Strong and Free" in Latin.
Rosehip can also be found in Russian heraldry. On the coat of arms of the city of Severodvinsk, Arkhangelsk Region, there is a rosehip flower above the azure waves. Severodvinsk received this coat of arms not so long ago, in 1993. A whole creative group of townspeople took part in its development.
Collecting wild rose hips is not an easy task. Sharp thorns can cause serious injury. True, in nature there are, although rarely, some varieties of rose hips, completely devoid of thorns. Here are just nutrients in them much less than in the prickly "brothers".
Many folk signs are associated with rose hips. Our ancestors believed that with the beginning of its flowering, you can no longer be afraid of morning frosts. Particular attention was paid to the day when the first flowers appeared on the bushes. If the weather was cloudy, it promised an abundance of mushrooms for the coming summer.
In the folk calendar, June 6 was Rosehip Day. On this day, our ancestors celebrated the arrival of the long-awaited summer. Whole families gathered around the rosehip bushes. The adults believed that the plant would give them strength for the hard summer jobs. And the children were told scary tales, it was believed that this would drive away all "fears" from the child, and also help him become obedient.