It is difficult to imagine a modern metropolis without a metro. This underground transport is used by a huge number of people every day. Where did the world's first subway appear?
The world's first metro line appeared in London. In the middle of the 19th century, the population of the English capital was two million people, and it became problematic to get from one area of London to another.
In 1855, it was decided to build an underground railway in the city. The construction of the metro line was taken up by the MetropolitanRailwaj company. It should be noted that the construction of the metro has made significant changes in the appearance of the English capital. The line was laid by a trench method: tunnels were dug about 10 meters deep, then rails were laid, a brick ceiling was erected on top, after which the ditch was filled up. Therefore, a large number of buildings fell under the demolition.
The total length of the first line of the London Underground was 3600 meters, it included seven stations.
The opening of the world's first metro took place on January 10, 1863. The Prince of Wales, the future King of Great Britain, Edward VII, opened the movement of such an unusual type of transport. He became the first metro passenger.
What was underground transport like at that time? The sight, I must say, was unattractive. Subway trains run on coal, causing the faces and clothes of passengers to quickly turn black. Breathing in the dungeon was also not easy.
Nevertheless, Londoners appreciated this, albeit not very comfortable, but fast way of transportation. Already on the first day, about 30 thousand passengers used the metro services. In the first year of operation, underground transport transported more than 9 million people, and the next year about 12 million.
Gradually, metro locomotives began to be transferred to electric traction. But it took more than forty years. The London Underground was fully electrified only in 1905.
There are now 12 underground lines in London, most of which connect the city center with the outskirts. About 3 million people use this transport every day, that is, one billion passengers a year. Despite such an impressive number, this is three times less than in the Moscow metro - the largest in the world.