First Ampex VCR
In 1944, Russian immigrant Alexander Mikhailovich Ponyatov, who was living in the United States at that time, founded Ampex, which was engaged in the production of electronic devices for the American army. And after World War II, the company began developing magnetic recording devices. It was Ampex that produced the world's first commercial video recorder in 1956.
At that time, such a device could only be used in television studios. It would never have occurred to anyone to buy it for home use - not only the fabulous price, but also the weight (about 1 ton) frightened off.
In 1958, American video recorders were shown at an exhibition in the Soviet Union. Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev saw this outlandish device and ordered the development of video recorders in our country. Soon the first Soviet video tape recorder appeared, which received the name "Kadr"; it began to be produced in 1960. On February 21, 1961, the first program recorded on a VCR went out on Central TV.
In the seventies, new leaders emerged in the production of VCRs: Philips and Sony, which began to produce compact devices available for home use.
By the way, in the same years, the production of cassette video recorders began in the USSR. True, they were not in great demand: they were frightened off by the high price (from 2, 000 rubles) and problems with cassettes: it was very difficult to get them in the Union.
In the eighties, pirated copies of foreign films began to arrive in our country. And in 1984 the video recorder "Electronics VM-12" was put into production.
Since 1987, the era of private entrepreneurship began in the USSR. Since, far from every citizen could afford to buy a VCR, video salons began to appear in the country like mushrooms after rain, where one could watch a Western film for 1 ruble.
Despite the fact that the USSR had a law “On criminal liability for the production and distribution of works promoting the cult of cruelty”, action films, horror films and paintings with “strawberries” enjoyed great success.
People who speak foreign languages could make good money from translating films at that time. Leonid Volodarsky became a real legend, who, according to him, translated about 5, 000 films in the 80-90s. It was in his voice that the heroes of the films The Godfather, Die Hard, Star Wars "spoke".