The first perfume patent was issued in Paris by Henry VI in 1190. Initially, perfume in France was used only for processing gloves, thereby hiding the unpleasant odor that appears when tanning leather.
The first outstanding perfumer was François Coty and it was Coty who was the first to propose to fill perfume in beautiful bottles.
Today in perfumery there are about 6, 000 types of raw materials.
The most expensive ingredient for perfume is iris, the price for 1 kg of iris on the market can reach 40, 000 euros.
The purest oil is considered to be rose oil, made in Bulgaria. Its price can reach 5000 dollars per 1 kg. It takes 5 tons of rose petals to make 1 kg of oil. The petals are harvested by hand only 30 days a year. The best time to harvest is before dawn as roses lose their valuable oil when exposed to the sun. By the way, chemists, who easily imitate other smells, have not yet learned how to properly reproduce the aroma of roses.
The cost of developing a bottle mold can be as high as $ 100, 000, which is why most perfume companies choose to buy ready-made bottles, making their own minor changes.
The cost of components for making perfume is about 25% of its final price. The markup for famous French perfumery can be up to 150-200%.
The best-selling fragrance in the world is still "Chanel No. 5".
Fragrances on dry skin last much longer than on oily skin.
Critical days, pregnancy, birth control pills alter the chemical composition of sweat, so the perfume on your skin may smell different.
The most expensive perfume is Clive Christian's Imperial Majesty. The perfume was poured into unique bottles made of rock crystal. The neck was framed with gold foil, and the lid was encrusted with diamonds weighing five carats. 10 copies of the perfume were sold. The price of such a perfume was $ 215, 000.
Currently, active work is underway to create a perfume in the form of capsules, which will need to be taken orally, and this is not the usual triple cologne. The idea belongs to biologist Sheref Muncie and designer Lucy McRae. According to them, after taking such a capsule, the skin will emit a genetically unique pleasant aroma, that is, perfume molecules will be released through the pores on the skin when a person sweats.