The poet Alexander Alexandrovich Blok was born in St. Petersburg on November 16 (old style) 1880. His father was a well-known lawyer, professor at Warsaw University, Alexander Lvovich Blok, and his mother, Alexandra Andreevna (née Beketova), was the daughter of the rector of St. Petersburg University, Andrei Nikolaevich Beketov. The marriage of the poet's parents was not strong, they parted shortly after the birth of their son.
The poet's ancestor, physician Johann Friedrich Blok, came to Russia in the middle of the 18th century at the age of twenty-one. In 1796 he was elevated to the nobility. In the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts, his application for a diploma of nobility and coat of arms has been preserved.
Sasha developed a craving for poetry very early; he began writing his first poems at the age of five. He wrote them down in an album, which he decorated with his own drawings. And having become a little older, he even took up the issue of the handwritten journal "Vestnik". At the same time, the boy grew up very shy and withdrawn. In the Vedeno gymnasium, where he went to study, he had no friends for a long time.
In the summer of 1897, Alexander and his mother were vacationing in the German city of Bad Nauheim. Here he met Ksenia Sadovskaya. She became the first serious love in the life of a young poet, despite the fact that she was 21 years older than Sasha. And even one year older than Blok's mother. Many of Blok's poems were dedicated to Ksenia Sadovskaya. She survived the poet for several years, she died in 1925.
After graduating from high school, Alexander Blok entered the law faculty of St. Petersburg University. But after studying for three years, he lost interest in jurisprudence and transferred to the Slavic-Russian department of the Faculty of History and Philology. While studying at the university, Blok got married, his wife was Lyubov Mendeleeva, the daughter of a famous Russian chemist. Before proposing to her, Alexander wrote a suicide note, since, in case of refusal, he decided to commit suicide.
Alexander Blok was familiar with his future wife since childhood, the poet's grandfather Andrei Nikolaevich Beketov and Lyubov's father Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev were good friends. Beketov was the rector of the university, and Mendeleev taught there for many years.
During World War I, in 1916, 36-year-old Alexander Blok was drafted into the army. He served in the engineering department of the All-Russian Zemsky Union. Blok demobilized in March 1917, after the February Revolution he was recalled to
Petrograd to participate in the work of the "Extraordinary Commission of Inquiry for the Investigation of Illegal Actions". General Franz Feliksovich Kublitsky-Piottukh, the poet's stepfather, was also a participant in the First World War. Alexander Blok's mother married him shortly after parting with Sasha's father. In 1915, Blok presented his stepfather with the book "Poems about Russia" with a dedication: “To dear Francis, doomed to be in this vulgar war. A. B. "
Blok's attitude to the revolutions, both the February and October revolutions, was ambiguous. Despite this, he refused to go abroad. In 1919, the poet was arrested on suspicion of counter-revolutionary activities. They released him two days later, after the personal intervention of the People's Commissar of Education Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky. Despite such a short term of imprisonment, Blok developed a fear of the authorities and the possibility of a new arrest, despite the fact that the poet was not engaged in any anti-government activities.
Blok thought about leaving abroad only in the last year of his life. In the spring of 1921, he wrote a request for an exit visa. The poet was refused, but the country's leadership instructed the People's Commissariat to deal with the issue of food supplies for the poet Alexander Blok. By that time, Blok had already begun to have serious health problems.
In the summer, the poet was even denied the opportunity to travel abroad for treatment. This finally broke Blok, he destroyed all his records and even refused medicines and food. Death occurred on August 7, 1921. The cause of death was inflammation of the heart valves.
Alexander Blok was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery in Petrograd. In 1944, the poet's ashes were transferred to the Literatorskie Mostki of the Volkovsky cemetery. There is a necropolis museum where famous figures of Russian culture are buried.
In his youth, besides poetry, Alexander Blok had another hobby - theater. He even played in amateur performances, but he could not break through to the big stage, therefore, he decided to part with the dream of a career as an artist. It is interesting that the last public poetry performance of Alexander Blok took place on the stage of the Bolshoi Drama Theater. The atmosphere was rather gloomy, some of those present mentioned that the event was more like a commemoration than a creative evening.