The great Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg. At baptism, he was recorded in the church book as Johann Chrysostomus Wolfgang Theophilus Mozart. They began to call him Amadeus later, when he began performing at concerts. The parents decided that this name would sound more beautiful than Theophilus. Moreover, Amadeus in translation from Latin, like Theophilus in translation from Greek, means "beloved by God."
15 interesting facts about Mozart
- Mozart's father Leopold played the violin in the court chapel. Leopold attached great importance to his son's musical education. And he did it for a reason. At the age of four, young Mozart masterly played the harpsichord and violin. And at the age of six, the parents of the little musician toured with him throughout Europe, earning much more than the elder Mozart in his chapel.
- Mozart began writing music very early - at the age of four. Moreover, these were such complex works that the elder Mozart assured his son that no virtuoso could play them. Wolfgang Amadeus argued the opposite - even a child can play. For example, he himself.
- The Mozart family had seven children, but only Wolfgang Amadeus and his older sister Maria Anna, whom the family called Nannerl, survived. The rest of the children died in infancy. Nannerl, according to her brother, was no less capable than himself, but always remained in the shadow of a famous relative. As a child, she toured with her brother and parents, but as an adult she limited herself to giving piano lessons.
- As a child, Mozart had an amazing phobia - he was very afraid when the trumpet was played. Moreover, only the trumpet, playing separately from the orchestra, scared him. At the same time, when the orchestra played, which included trumpets, the child was completely calm.
- At the age of 17, Mozart had an interesting conversation with a 14-year-old boy. He approached him after a concert in Frankfurt am Main, and said that it was probably very difficult to play so masterly. Mozart objected that it was not difficult at all. Then the interlocutor objected that it is not difficult - it is to write poetry, they come to mind themselves. As it turned out later, the musician's interlocutor was the German poet Goethe.
- Many of Mozart's biographers have argued that the great composer spent almost his entire life in poverty. This is not so, from a young age he received decent royalties for his performances. His income was much higher than, for example, that of fairly high-ranking officials. But, Wolfgang Amadeus did not know how to save money, therefore, he often found himself in debt.
- One of the main reasons for Mozart's "poverty" was his passion for billiards. He had a luxurious table in his house, at which the composer very often lost his large royalties to rivals who, perhaps, were poor musicians, but were more masterful of the cue.
- Lack of money often pushed the composer to desperate actions. They even say that he once wrote a letter to Russia to His Serene Highness Prince Potemkin, in which he announced that he was ready to become a court composer at the court of the Russian empress. Mozart never received an answer, because now we could call him "the great Russian composer."
- Mozart married in 1782. Constance Weber became his chosen one. The wedding took place at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna. the couple lived together for 9 years, until Mozart's death in 1891. Constance later married Georg Nikolaus von Nissen, a Danish diplomat. But, after three years of marriage, the second husband also died. Interestingly, there was an inscription on the grave of the diplomat - "The husband of Mozart's widow."
- Classical music has a beneficial effect on humans. For example, it makes him smarter. This conclusion was made in the nineties of the twentieth century by the French physician Alfred Tomatis, who even introduced a new term - "Mozart effect". Tomatis argued that after listening to the works of the Austrian composer, students cope with assignments faster. However, this theory found many critics who stated that the effect was short-lived, it can happen to a person after listening to any music.
- But many fans of the French actor Gerard Depardieu are sure that he became famous only thanks to Mozart. In his youth, Gerard stuttered and had a bad memory. What kind of acting career could we talk about? But, a doctor friend helped, who prescribed an unusual "medicine" to Depardieu - listening to Mozart for two hours every day.
- In 1984, Milos Forman's film Amadeus was released. In this picture, Mozart was buried in a canvas bag in a grave with the beggars. In fact, Mozart was buried in a coffin, however, in a common grave. In the last years of his life, the composer was so poor that he did not even leave money for a funeral. There was no gravestone, therefore, no one knew the exact place.
- 50 years after the death of Mozart, the son of one of his friends said that in childhood he had visited his grave more than once and indicated the place where, according to him, the composer was buried. There was no one to confirm or deny these testimonies, therefore, conditionally, this place began to be called the tomb of Mozart. In 1859 a monument was erected there.
- According to popular theory, Mozart was poisoned by his friend Antonio Salieri, who was jealous of his fame. After all, A. Pushkin wrote about this 200 years ago in his play "Mozart and Salieri". Then, based on the play, Rimsky-Korsakov wrote an opera. But there is no serious evidence of this. Salieri simply had no reason to envy Mozart, he was no less famous, and in terms of income he was significantly ahead of his friend. More than two hundred years after Mozart's death, in 1997, a trial was held, which ruled that Salieri was not guilty of Mozart's death.
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his wife Constance had six children. Four of them died within a year. Only two sons have reached adulthood - Karl Thomas and Franz Xaver Wolfgang. Moreover, both of them were never married and had no children. On them, the straight line of the Mozarts stopped.